The harsh nature of Western Sahara is reflected both in terms of population and nutrition. Western Sahara has an extremely dry climate, and the area is characterized by sand dunes with only a few oases. Agriculture only occurs sparingly. Previously, the economy was dominated by nomadic livestock management (camels, sheep and goats), but nomadic annual migrations have been hampered after the construction of the “shelter” in the northeast.
Potash and iron ore deposits have been made, among others. at Agracha. Western Sahara’s most important asset is the large deposits of phosphate at Bu Craa southeast of El-Aaiún. Some dried fish is exported to the Canary Islands. Western Sahara has navigable routes but no real roads.