Tag: Uganda

Check constructmaterials for Uganda in 1998.

Uganda Literature

Uganda Literature

Most of the population, with the exception of urban dwellers, produce the food they eat. They eat two meals a day, lunch and dinner, and breakfast usually consists of just a cup of tea or porridge. The food is prepared by women and girls, while men and boys over 12 do not enter the kitchen, which is a separate room from the actual home. The most common dishes are the (a kind of mashed bananas), millet bread, cassava (tapioca or cassava), sweet potatoes, chicken or beef stews, lake or river fish. Other dishes include white potatoes, yams, kale, squash, tomatoes, peanuts, goat meat, and milk. Oranges, papayas, lemons and pineapples are grown and consumed. The national drink is waragi, a banana gin. In 2001, the tombs and palace of the Buganda kings of Kasubi, near Kampala, were registered among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. According to 3rjewelry, Uganda is a country located in Africa.


Of the various local languages, some, such as luo, and a variety of it, acholi, have an exclusively oral literary expression, others, such as nyororo-toro and especially ganda, have written literature. Among the traditional literary expressions, the encomiastic poetry of the Huma is important, shepherd-warriors of the district of Ankole. They are poems in the Runyankoro language, which hyperbolically exalt the heroism of the author himself and the beauty of his cattle and are on the borderline between lyric and drama. Ganda literature found, at the beginning of the century. XX, a written literary expression, including fairy tales, songs, proverbs, descriptions of customs, travel reports, historical chronicles, etc. At the beginning of the century, the historical and ethnographic writings of the minister Sir Apolo Kaggwa (1865-1927) and of JTK Gomotoka Saabalangirs (ca. 1880-1930), of EMK Muliira also author of grammatical and lexical studies, of JS Kasirye and by MB Nsimbi founder and president of the “Luganda Society” and novelist. Since the 1960s, fiction has been in full expansion, with novels and short stories by Binsangawano, J. Kaswa, EK Kisito, YB Lubambula, EMK Muliira and EKN Kawere. The latter is also a poet. In the sixties and seventies the theatrical activity is intense, thanks to J. Bukenya, T. Nakaowa and above all to Byron Kawadwa. But the work that brought English-language Ugandan literature to international attention was Song of Lavino (1967; Canto di Lavino) by JO Okott p’Bitek (1930-1982), a long dramatic monologue in verse which expresses the contrast between African and Western values. The work was taken as a model by J. Buruga and Okello Okuli (b. 1942). The opera is widely represented and counts among the most significant authors Taban Lo Liyong (b. 1938), whose anguished and violent poetry is based on European and black American models. The same foreign influences can be seen, more or less, in R. Ntiru (b.1946), J. Chaplin, M. Kaggwa, J. Ruganda (b.1941), GK Sabiti, J. Ssemuwanga, AS Bukenya (b. 1944), AR Cliff-Lubwa, S. Lubega (b.1945), V. Ngwabe (b.1941), J. Singh (b.1949), T. Wangusa (b.1942) and in the poetesses, quite numerous in Uganda, L. Aciang (b.1933), V. Kakundo, A. Lakwe, P. Rwakyaka, K. Saria, R. Mbowa (b.1943). A separate mention, for their greater originality, deserve J. Nagenda (b. 1938) and Robert Serumaga (1939-1981), both also distinguished in the field of fiction and, the last, of the theater. The narrative, inaugurated in the thirties by the novel The Story of an African Chief by AK Nyabengo, has developed particularly in the last years of the twentieth century. The novel has put Barbara Kimenye in the foreground, whose stories are also of great documentary interest, Elvania Zirimu (b.1938), Bonnie Lubega (b.1930) and Taban Lo Liyong, with stories that lie between folklore and satire social. Other storytellers: J. Nagenda and HS Kimbugwe, attentive to the reality of social life. The same sociological interest is found in the novels of Okello Okuli, Bonnie Lubega and the aforementioned Robert Serumaga. English-language theater has shown a certain vitality, with short comedies, costume or tradition-inspired. We report: Tom Omara (b. 1946), S. Tulya-Muhika, AS Bukenya, Erisa Kironde and J. Ruganda. Non-fiction literature mainly concerns the field of historical studies and literary problems. In the 1980s, literary production suffered from the disastrous socio-economic and political conditions of the country. Only since 1987 has there been a new creative impetus. A reflection of the troubled political life appears in the bitterness, in the pessimism, in the revolt that characterize the dramatic poems of O. Okuli, the lyrics of G. Akello, RC Ntiru, A. Bukenya. But it is above all fiction that denounces social problems and gives voice to the revolt against despotic and bloodthirsty regimes, in the works of GS Ibingira, G. Kalimugogo, P. Nazareth, A. Osinya, D. Sebukima and J. Nagenda. Theater is the liveliest and most original literary genre, with J. Ruganda, E. Zirimu, N. Sentogo and B. Kawada. For the essay we remember H. Kyenga and T. Avirgan for the historical-political themes, and P. Nazareth, AGC Shatto and A. Bukenya for the literary ones. The writer Moses Isegawa (b.1963), with his The Abyssinian Chronicles (2001; African Chronicles), tells the story of a young Ugandan during the stormy years of the civil war and the Amin Dada regime.

Uganda Literature

Uganda Business

Uganda Business

According to abbreviationfinder, UG is the 2 letter abbreviation for the country of Uganda.


Uganda is a poor country but over the past 20 years economic growth in the country has been high and the development is also expected to continue to be positive. Behind the optimism lies the government’s stable economic reform policy, a guaranteed inflow of development assistance (including loans from the International Monetary Fund) and a stabilization of the world market price of coffee (the country’s most important export product). The stabilization also contributes to a sharp reduction in the number of public employees. The oil discoveries discovered during the 1990s are expected to be an important source of information in the future.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Uganda

Although export earnings are no longer dependent on coffee alone, agriculture remains the most important industry. The agricultural sector employs about three quarters of the population and contributes one quarter to GDP. Fish and fish products are among the country’s most important export goods. Investments are being made in the development of tourism, mainly ecotourism, and during the 00s the number of tourists has increased significantly.


Uganda’s business sector is completely dominated by smallholder-based agriculture, which employs about 3/4 of the labor force. The length of the dry season determines the conditions for agriculture. In the middle parts of Uganda, which has only one month with less than 50 mm of rainfall, the cultivation of the milk path dominates as food crops and coffee and tea as barley crops. In addition, cotton, tobacco and cut flowers are grown for export. Most of the coffee is grown on Lake Victoria and Mount Elgon. In the northern and southern parts, with a 3–4 month dry period, fingerhirs are grown as food crops and cotton as salads. In the driest areas of the northeast, nomadic livestock management occurs, sometimes combined with cultivation of sorghum.


Uganda’s most important mineral deposits are copper, tin, gold, cobalt and iron. The important copper production in Kilembe in western Uganda ceased in 1979 and the Jinja smelting plant expired. However, the rising world market price of copper led to the production being started in 1988. Cobalt and sulfuric acid have been extracted at Kilembe since 1954. The World Bank has recommended the production of phosphate fertilizers from apatite and other phosphate minerals. Oil and natural gas have been found in the western parts of Uganda. Wood and charcoal account for about 90 percent of the country’s energy consumption. The remaining 10 percent is extracted from imported oil or natural gas and electricity, which comes from the hydroelectric power plant in Owens Fall in the Nile.


The majority of the manufacturing industry is agricultural-based (cotton, coffee, tea, sugar cane and tobacco processing). The brewery industry is also relatively extensive, and among other industries is noted the manufacture of cement, soap, plastics, steel and other metals as well as salt extraction. The industry, which suffers from a shortage of trained manpower and spare parts, uses only about 30 percent of its capacity. Regular power failure is the biggest problem. Virtually all industry is concentrated in Kampala. In the early 1990s, a privatization of industry began, and now most of the industrial companies are privately owned.

Foreign trade

Uganda has a negative trade balance. Coffee, tea, fish, gold and cut flowers are the country’s dominant export goods. Exports of timber were halted in 1991 by environmental considerations. Imports consist mainly of capital goods, such as machinery, means of transport and oil. According to Countryaah, the most important exporting countries are Kenya, Congo (Kinshasa) and Rwanda. Import comes mainly from China, India and the United Arab Emirates.