Tag: Turkey

Check constructmaterials for Turkey in 1998.

Içmeler Travel Guide

Içmeler Travel Guide

Içmeler is ideal for a peaceful beach holiday. Enjoy a full-service holiday near the city of Marmaris. Içmeler is part of the Marmaris region. The pros of the area are the safe sun and good sandy beaches. Içmeler is a peaceful holiday destination, but if you miss the hustle and bustle of a bigger city, Marmaris has a short taxi ride away.


Beach holiday on the Mediterranean

Içmeler is located in the southwestern part of Turkey, in the Marmaris region. Içmeler has the best beaches in the area with plenty of space for everyone. The city is sheltered between two mountains and the nature is lush. Içmeler is suitable for both families with children and adult holidaymakers.

There are several full-service hotels in Içmeler, allowing for a completely relaxed holiday. However, if you miss shopping or nightlife, you can find them only 7 km away, in the city of Marmaris .

One of the most famous attractions in the area is the Marmaris Fortress, built in the 1520s. Marmaris also has a mosque, harbor and bazaar area. Nearby excursion destinations include the cliffs of Pamukkale and the city of Ephesus.

From the top, the mountains offer a magnificent view over Içmeler.

Mild climate almost all year round

Içmeler is a sunny holiday destination almost all year round. For the weather, however, the surest time is April-October. During this time, there are few rainy days and temperatures fluctuate between 20 and 34 degrees on average during the day.

Mild climate almost all year round

In July-August, temperatures can rise well above 30 degrees. Early summer and September-October are more pleasant times to travel to the Marmaris region in terms of temperatures.

Affordable price level

Içmeler is a favorite destination especially for beach holidaymakers. For children, there are good Beaches and Water Parks in the area. For more adult tastes, water sports can be enjoyed in the form of river safaris or diving.
Boat trips, water skiing and paragliding for the bravest water athletes are also organized on Içmeler Beach. Hiking is also possible in the forest areas of the city.

There are souvenirs to take home from the bazaars of Marmaris. Here, for example, you should buy cheap spices, carpets or jewelery. Bargaining is strongly part of Turkish trade.

The currency of Turkey is the Turkish Lira. Most restaurants and shops accept the most common debit and credit cards as payment methods. However, it is also worth reserving cash, which is a safer method of payment in bazaars, for example.

In particular, the price level of food and drink in Turkey is cheaper than in Finland. However, you should check the current exchange rate before you leave.

Respect Turkish culture

The Turks in the area are very friendly and accustomed to tourists. There is no hurry in the same way as the Finns and it may also show a bit in the adherence to schedules.

Although the area has long been favored by tourists, it is worth taking into account the main features of the local culture and the main religion of the country, Islam, for example in terms of clothing. The majority of tourists wear shorts and tops as clothing, but it can affect the attitude of locals.



A varied selection of cheeses and olives are included in the Turkish breakfast table.

Flights from Finland to Içmeler

Finland has good flight connections to Turkey. The nearest airport to Içmeler is Dalaman Airport, less than 100 km away. Flights from Helsinki to Dalaman Airport cost about 300 euros.

The Marmaris region is also a popular package holiday destination. Package tours and sudden departures are plentiful in summer.

Içmeler accommodation options

Içmeler is a popular destination with many accommodation options. There are more modest hotels as well as all-inclusive and boutique hotels. The city also has child-friendly accommodation options. Hotel night rates range from around € 40-150. At its cheapest, you can get a hotel night for 30 euros.

Getting around Içmeler

Walking is an easy way to explore Içmeler’s beaches and surroundings. The long beach leads all the way to the city of Marmaris.

If necessary, you can rent a car from Içmeler. The traffic culture is different from the Finnish one and may require getting used to it. However, a rental car can be used to explore slightly more distant sights, such as the cliffs of Pamukkale or the city of Ephesus. At its cheapest, the car can be rented for about 50 euros per day.

From Içmeler you can take a boat ride to the neighboring town of Marmaris for a few euros. Ships also leave the port of Marmaris for neighboring countries. For example, you can get to Rhodes, Greece for about 50 euros.



The lovely beaches and turquoise waters of the Marmaris region compare to many more expensive destinations.

Depart Marmaris Castle

Marmaris Castle was built over 5,000 years ago. It serves as the most famous landmark in the region. Today, the castle houses a museum. The entrance fee to the castle is only a few euros.

Picturesque cliffs of Pamukkale

The cliffs of Pamukkale are one of the most popular day trip destinations in the area. The whitewashed cliffs of the flowing water are a photographic swimming spot. Mineral water is said to work wonders on the skin.

The distance to the cliffs of Pamukkale is about 200 kilometers. Along the way you can see the rugged mountain landscape as well as tobacco and cotton fields.

The ancient city of Ephesus

Ephesus is one of the best preserved ancient sites in Turkey. The property is well restored and a favorite destination for many interested in history.

Ephesus is about 250 km away and there are day trips.



Içmeler is well worth a trip to Marmaris.

The best attractions in Içmeler

  1. Fortress of Marmaris
  2. The cliffs of Pamukkale
  3. The ancient site of Ephesus
  4. Marmaris beach
  5. Atlantis Water Park

The best activities in Içmeler

  1. Beach planing
  2. Bathing
  3. Water sports
  4. Boating
  5. Shopping
Turkey Business

Turkey Business

According to abbreviationfinder, TR is the 2 letter abbreviation for the country of Turkey.

Measured by Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Turkey is the world’s 19th largest economy (2019). Turkey participates in the G20. GDP per capita in 2019 was US $ 28,264, which was higher than in neighboring northwest, Bulgaria, but lower than neighboring west, Greece. In 2019, unemployment was 11.9 percent. 21.9 percent of the population lives below the poverty line (2015). The country has a mixed economy with both state and private enterprises. The state still plays an important role in the industrial sector, banking and communication.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Turkey

Primary industries

Primary industries contribute 6.9 percent of GDP and employ 18.3 percent of the working population (2019).


Turkey has almost all cultural plants that belong to the temperate and subtropical zone, and the country is self-sufficient with most common foods. Grain cultivation dominates most places. Wheat and barley are grown throughout the country, corn in the Black Sea area and around the Marmara Sea. Tobacco is cultivated especially along the north and west coasts. The production of cotton, sugar beets and tea is also considerable. Turkey has a large production and export of typical Mediterranean plants such as citrus fruits, figs, hazelnuts, apples, pears,grapes, raisins and olives.

The livestock is large and breeding of sheep, goats and poultry is widespread. As sales products, milk and meat count less than wool, hides and skins. Long-haired mohair roll from angorage goat is an important export item.


15.4 of the country’s area is covered by forest (2016). Forestry has a relatively limited economic significance. Much of the mountain forest has so far been untapped due to lack of transport opportunities.


In 2017, deep sea fishing amounted to 320 280 tonnes, while freshwater fishing was 31 400 tonnes. Deep sea fishing is based on taking advantage of the fish migrations from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean. The fish farming industry doubled in the period from 2005 to 2017, when production was 273,400 tonnes. 40 percent of this production was trout. Turkey is one of the largest fish farming nations in the Mediterranean.


The industry contributes 32.9 percent of GDP and employs 27.0 percent of the working population (2019).

The most widespread industry is the textile industry, which is also the most important export industry. In addition, the production of electronic products is a significant industrial and export sector. Turkey is the world’s 15th largest manufacturer of motor vehicles. There is also significant production of iron and steel, industrial chemicals and refined petroleum. Turkey has several shipyards, which build ships, ferries and fishing vessels for the domestic market and for export. Other important industrial sectors are the cement, glass and ceramic and paper industries. The most important industrial areas are located in the west, around Istanbul, Bursa and Izmir.


A number of minerals are extracted. Turkey is the world’s largest producer of borax, the world’s fourth largest producer of chromite and the world’s eleventh largest producer of coal. The extraction of coal is substantial in the Ereğli-Zonguldak area of the Black Sea, of lignite southeast of Bursa and of iron ore in Cappadocia. Turkey has high levels of sulfur. Copper, petroleum, bauxite and more are also extracted. Crude oil is extracted from the Garzan-Germik field near Diyarbakir in the Euphrates Valley.


The consumption of primary energy in 2016 was 5.7 exa joule (EJ). 77 percent of consumption is based on imports. Per capita consumption was 73.3 gigajoules (GJ), which is slightly below the average consumption in the world (77.5 GJ).

The country has a few energy reserves of its own, in the form of crude oil, natural gas and coal, but annual production is close to consumption. In 2018, the remaining oil reserves were estimated at 341.6 million barrels. Annual production is around 2.5 million tonnes (105 PJ). The gas reserves are estimated at 6.2 billion cubic meters, with an output in 2016 of 367 million cubic meters (13 PJ).

In 2017, the production of electrical energy was 283 terawatt hours (TWh), which is an increase of over 40 per cent over the last ten years. Net electricity consumption per capita is around 2 700 kilowatt hours (kWh).

Of the produced power, 36.8 percent comes from gas power plants and 32.5 percent from coal power plants. Hydropower is 20.2 percent and together with wind power (6.3 per cent), solar power (1 percent) and geothermal power (1.8 percent), the total share of electricity based on renewable energy is 30.1 percent. Turkey has no nuclear power plants in operation, but work on the first nuclear reactor at the new Akkuyu power plant is underway and is expected to be completed in 2023. Three more reactors will be built at this power plant, which is expected to be fully operational by 2025.


Turkey has invested heavily in the development of the tourism sector and, over the last decades, has seen a steady increase in visitors from abroad. In 2018, 39.5 million tourists visited Turkey, compared to 32.4 million in 2017. The coastal areas of the Black Sea, the Aegean and the Mediterranean have good opportunities for boat and bath tourism. It is also a significant health tourism to the country’s many hot springs. Turkey is rich in cultural monuments from prehistoric times (see Asia Minor) from Greek and Roman antiquity, from early Christian and Byzantine times as well as from the Islamic period (Ottoman Empire). In total, 18 places in the country are listed UNESCO World Heritage List, see external link.

Transport and Communications

Turkey has been an important link between Europe and the Levant from the earliest times. Under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who was president from 1922 to 1938, major investments were made in the development of the railways. The development included a new network that radiated from the new capital Ankara to the three coasts and the easternmost provinces. The country’s total rail network amounts to 12,710 kilometers (2018). The main port cities are Istanbul and Izmir, Samsun, Mersin, Iskenderun and Trabzon. The major international airports are located at Istanbul (İstanbul Havalimanı), Ankara (Esenboğa) and Izmir/ Trabzon (Adnan Menderes).

Foreign Trade

In 2017, Turkey’s total exports amounted to USD 166.2 billion, while imports amounted to USD 225.1 billion. With this, the country had a deficit on the foreign trade balance of US $ 58.9 billion.

The five largest export markets were in 2017: Germany (9.6 percent), the United Kingdom (6.1 percent), Iraq (5.8 percent), the United States (5.5 percent) and Italy (5.4 percent).

Important export goods are textiles, food, electronics, metal products, transport equipment and tobacco.

According to Countryaah, the five most important markets for imports were in 2017: China (10.0 percent), Germany (9.1 percent), Russia (8.4 percent), the United States (5.1 percent) and Italy (4.8 percent).

Important goods are machinery, transport equipment, chemicals, fuel and fertilizers.