Tag: Madagascar

Check computergees for Madagascar in 2006.

Sights of Madagascar

Sights of Madagascar

ANTANANARIVO

Visit to the old city and the upper part of the city: you will see the palace of the queen, from where you can enjoy a wonderful view of the capital from the highest point in the city.

Visit to the city center and business district: you will see the main commercial and administrative districts of the capital, which stretch from the Soarano railway station through Independence Avenue and the place where the Zoma Friday Market used to be held – the largest open-air market in the world. You will have the opportunity to climb one of the many stairs called “totobato”, which will lead you to the business part of the city, to the street of jewelers and to the presidential palace.

A visit to the Royal Hill of Ambohimanga: About 17 km north of Antananarivo is the Royal Hill of Abohimanga . Its territory consists of a royal city and a cemetery, as well as several sacred places. The hill is associated with a strong sense of national identity and has retained its spiritual and sacred significance for the past 500 years. It remains a place of worship, visited by pilgrims from all over Madagascar and beyond.

ANDASIBE

Pereira Butterfly Farm: This is a private zoo in Marozevo, 75 km east of Antananarivo, between the towns of Manjacandriana and Moramanga. It was founded and owned by the French entomologist and naturalist André Pereira, whose name the park later received. There are many reptiles (chameleons, iguanas, geckos, frogs), bats, crocodiles and butterflies. On the territory adjacent to the zoo, a population of families of resettled and accustomed to the presence of humans, sifak Verro and brown lemurs is maintained, which gives tourists the opportunity to observe them from a short distance when feeding.

Night visit to Woimma Park: After dark, you can go for a walk in Mitsinjo Park with headlamps and hand lanterns. In 2012, villagers from Andasibe established this park as an alternative to the area’s government-run national park. The local people wanted to manage their land on their own again and be part of the region’s ecotourism. Reptile and amphibian lovers will also enjoy the park, as the park’s crystal clear river is home to many frogs, and the forest is home to several species of chameleons. In addition, here you can meet a unique species – a fantastic flat-tailed gecko, as well as incredible insects – for example, the giraffe pipe-roller beetle.

Mantadia Park: These are virgin forests that cover an area of ​​more than 15,000 hectares. The park has 108 bird species, some of which play an important role in plant conservation, such as the Madagascar paradise flycatcher. In addition, 14 species of lemurs, several species of reptiles, including the Madagascar tree boa, and 84 species of amphibians live in the park. This walking tour requires moderate to good physical fitness as the park has steep slopes and dense vegetation. It is also easy to meet indri lemurs in the park – the largest living lemurs and endemic to Madagascar, which keep in groups. Also in Mantadia, there are other representatives of endemic species – brown lemur, meek lemur, lepilemurs and the smallest primates in the world – mouse lemurs. The national park is also famous for its orchids.

Andasibe hamlet: A small hamlet with a population of approximately 5,000. Having visited it, you can observe the daily way of life of the inhabitants of this quiet and vibrant village, along with a guide, walk along narrow dirt paths along small stalls. There is an opportunity to interact with the locals and see how they earn their living and how they spend their free time. The walk will start or end at the old Alpine-style colonial railway station, which in the 1930s housed the then very fashionable Buffet de la Gare restaurant.

Wakona Lemur Island: Surrounded by fresh water, the vast area of ​​Wakona Island is home to many species of lemurs such as brown lemur, meek lemur, wari lemur, diadem sifaka. On this island, tourists have a rare opportunity to get up close and interact with these amazing primates. At the end of this tour, all participants will undoubtedly have beautiful photographs and souvenirs. Also on the territory of the island there is a small lake where you can see a lot of crocodiles.

Analamazaotra Nature Reserve: there you will look for the largest lemur on. Madagascar – indri, which is also endemic to this area. You will have an easy walking tour of 2-3 hours, during which you will look for groups of indri lemurs. In addition, you will see representatives of other species of lemurs, birds, chameleons and more, as well as endemic flora, including various types of orchids and medicinal plants.

Mitsinjo Park Night Walk: After dark, you will go for a walk in the jungle of the park with headlamps and hand torches.

KIRINDI

Kirindi is a privately managed nature reserve and one of the most endangered ecosystems, dry deciduous forests.

Kirindi Forest: The Kirindi forest is home to the fossa, the largest carnivorous mammal in Madagascar. The forest is also famous for the Madagascan giant hamsters (voalavos), and it is also home to seven species of lemurs and a number of endemic reptiles.

Sights of Madagascar

Madagascar Business

Madagascar Business

According to abbreviationfinder, MA is the 2 letter abbreviation for the country of Madagascar.

Business

Madagascar is classified by the World Bank as one of the world’s twelve poorest countries. Per capita GDP fell during the 1980s and 1990s, but in the period 2003–09, a slight upturn in the economy was noticeable. From Andy Rajoelina’s coup takeover of power in 2009 until he surrendered power to the popularly elected president-elect Rajaonarimampianina in 2014, the country was frozen out by the outside world and the economy deteriorated further. After 2014, the country’s economy has slowly recovered, mainly thanks to prospects for renewed financial support from the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Madagascar

The economy is strongly oriented towards agriculture and forestry, but during the 00s, the country’s largest export income came from the textile industry.

The downturn in the economy during the late 1900s is due to natural disasters and the introduction of a planned economy. On several occasions during the 1990s, the government initiated structural adjustment programs, which included a significant liberalization of the economy, introduction of economic free trade zones and increased producer prices in agriculture.

and widespread corruption have meant that these have not yet produced a lasting effect. The country has also, on a number of occasions, received portions of its extensive foreign debt written off.

Agriculture

Since the mid-1970s, agricultural growth has not been able to keep pace with population growth. For export crops, quotation rules and low world market prices have posed problems, which has led to an investment in quality rather than an increase in yield. The most important food crop is rice, but even though rice constitutes about 70 percent of total agricultural production, large quantities must be imported. Other important food crops are cassava and bananas. The dominant export crops are coffee, vanilla and cloves; Also of importance are cotton, sugar, cocoa, peanuts, tobacco and sisal. Cyclones and large grasshopper swarms have hit agriculture hard in recent years. Only 10 percent of the arable land is cultivated. Large areas are used instead for livestock farming, but traditionally, animal husbandry is less focused on meat and milk production and more on owning many animals. An agreement to lease 1.3 million hectares of agricultural land to South Korean company Daewoo Logistics led to the fall of President Ravalomanana; his successor Raoelina terminated the agreement.

Forestry

Forestry and forest products are important for the local industry and for the country’s energy supply. However, a lack of control of felling and the absence of replanting programs has led to a sharp reduction in forest area. The illegal logging has increased since 2009.

Fishing

From a supply point of view, small-scale fishing has long been important. However, a more industrialized, export-oriented fishery has slowly developed and, above all, seafood is an important export commodity. License fishing of fishing fleets from Japan and Europe is significant. The total catch in 2009 amounted to approximately 145,000 tonnes

Mineral

Madagascar has large deposits of several minerals, but because these are often located in remote areas, the extraction has been expensive and difficult. The most important mineral from a commercial point of view is chromite and graphite, which are exported. The largest chrome deposit is found at Andriamena, but mining also occurs at Befandriana. Madagascar also has large sapphire deposits but due to illegal mining, extensive exports were halted in 2008. Other minerals found in the country are mica, gold, ilmenite (titanium iron), nickel, cobalt, coal and bauxite.

Energy

In order to reduce the cost of oil imports, Madagascar has invested in the expansion of water energy. In total, there are seven water energy plants in the country, which account for more than 2/3 of the electricity demand. The largest facility is at Andekaleka; it mainly supplies electricity to the capital Antananarivo and the mining facilities in Andriamena. Of Madagascar’s total energy needs, however, about 85 percent is covered by firewood and charcoal.

Industry

The industrial sector has little significance for the country’s economy. However, during the 1990s, the textile industry accounted for the country’s largest export revenue. Most industries are located in the highlands or in the area around the port city of Toamasina. The food industry accounts for about 50 percent of the industry’s production value. Other industries include the brewery, cement industry and soap manufacturing.

Foreign trade

According to Countryaah, Madagascar has for a long time had a chronic trade deficit. During the 1990s, the deficit averaged about 8 percent of GDP, in 2003 the figure was as low as 3.2 percent, but during the 1990s, the deficit increased sharply and has been at 20-30 percent in recent years. The most important export goods are coffee, vanilla, shrimp, sugar and textiles. In 2009, however, Madagascar was excluded from the AGOA agreement, which gives African countries the right to duty-free exports of certain goods to the United States. Imports are dominated by capital goods, oil, machinery and food. The most important trading partners are France, the USA and China.