Tag: Jamaica

Check computerannals for Jamaica in 2003.

How to Get to Jamaica

How to Get to Jamaica

Jamaica arrival

Airplane: the national airline in Jamaica is Air Jamaica. She flies mainly from London (Great Britain) to Jamaica. Air Jamaica flies to numerous Caribbean destinations from Montego Bay (Antigua, St. Lucia, Bonaire, Bahamas, Barbados, Havana, Grenada, Curaçao, Santo Domingo and the Turks and Caicos Islands). Many of these flights are served by Air Jamaica’s national airline Air Jamaica Express.

The airline Caribbean Airlines also flies from London to Jamaica with a stopover in Antigua is inserted. Lufthansa flies from Germany (Frankfurt) to Jamaica (stopover in Miami, USA). British Airways flies from several German airports as well as Vienna and Zurich to Jamaica (stopover in London-Gatwick).

Iberia (from Vienna, Düsseldorf, Munich, Stuttgart, Frankfurt and Hamburg to Montego Bay), LTU (from Düsseldorf to Montego Bay), Martinair (from Amsterdam to Montego Bay) and Aeroflot (from Ireland to Montego Bay) also fly from Europe.
Other airlines that offer flights to Jamaica include American Airlines, US Airways, BWIA West Indies Airways, Cubana, Cayman Airways, Air Canada, COPA Airlines, International AirLink and Northwest Airlines.
Condor offers cheap flights to Jamaica (Montego Bay) from airports in Germany. In the US, the most popular flights to Jamaica are from Miami and New York.

Within the Caribbean fly ALM / Dutch Caribbean (between Montego Bay and Kingston and Curacao), BWIA (Kingston to Antigua, Barbados and Trinidad), Cayman Airways (between Kingston and Montego Bay and Grand Cayman and Cayman Brac) and Sky King (between Kingston and the Turks and Caicos Islands).

There are charter flights to Jamaica from the USA, Canada, Great Britain and Europe. The prices are often cheaper than on scheduled flights, but there is also a lack of flexibility to change flight times.

Airports: Jamaica has two international airports in Kingston and Montego Bay.

According to commit4fitness, most passengers in Jamaica arrive at Donald Sangster International Airport (MBJ), about 2 miles north of Montego Bay. There is the possibility of renting a rental car.

The international airport Norman Manley International Airport (KIN) is 17 km south-east of Kingston. From here both buses and taxis go to the city center, the journey time is around half an hour. However, it is also possible to rent a rental car.

Cruises: Every year more than 800,000 passengers come to Jamaica on cruise ships, making the country one of the world’s most popular cruise destinations.
The visits are usually limited to a day’s stay either in Ocho Rios or Montego Bay, from 2009 the port of Falmouth will also be used. Most cruises last one to two weeks and also call at other destinations in the western Caribbean, such as Progreso and Cozumel in Mexico, Key West, Grand Cayman and Miami.

Some of the cruise lines that offer cruises to Jamaica include Celebrety Cruises, Royal Caribbean, Holland America, Carnival, and Costa Cruise Lines.

Several cargo ships on the route between North America and Europe also anchor in Jamaica, some also take paying passengers on board.
A helpful book on being able to ride on cargo ships is Ford’s Freighter Travel Guide.

Yacht : Many sailors come to Jamaica from North America. However, there is a risk of hurricanes in mid to late summer.
Upon arrival in Jamaica, you will have to go through the formalities with Customs and Immigration in either Montego Bay (Montego Bay Yacht Club), Kingston (Jamaica Royal Yacht Club, Port Royal), Ocho Rios (St. Ann’s Bay) or the West Harbor in Port Antonio.

Jamaica entry requirements

is a general requirement for traveling to Jamaica. Of the passport(or the temporary passport) must be valid at least until the end of the planned stay in Jamaica. A return or onward ticket is required for entry by plane.

For tourist trips with a maximum stay of 90 days in Jamaica, citizens of Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Turkey do not have a visa.

Citizens of Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Turkey do not need a visa for business trips with a maximum stay of 30 days in Jamaica. If you are planning a business trip to Jamaica for more than 30 days, you can apply for a visa at the relevant Jamaican embassy (see Jamaica – important addresses).

An extension of the stay is also possible in Jamaica, the application is submitted to the responsible immigration authority.

Entry with children:
For accompanying children, the same visa requirements apply as for their parents. Every child needs their own travel document, which will last at least until the end of the plannedStayis valid in Jamaica.

Germany: The German child ID card with photo (up to the age of 16) or a separate passport is accepted. Child ID cards are no longer issued in Germany, existing child ID cards remain valid until the expiry date.

Austria: separate passport for children.

Switzerland: separate passport for children.

Adequate funds:
Foreign visitors must have sufficient funds for their trip. Vaccinations: You can find detailed information on recommended and required vaccinations for traveling to Jamaica in the chapter Jamaica – Health and Diseases. Entry with pets:

Dogs and cats are not allowed to be brought into Jamaica from Germany, Switzerland and Austria. Birds are generally not allowed to enter Jamaica.

How to Get to Jamaica

Jamaica Business

Jamaica Business

According to abbreviationfinder, JA is the 2 letter abbreviation for the country of Jamaica.

Jamaica’s economy is mainly based on tourism, bauxite and aluminum production, bananas and sugar. In the 1970s, the authorities sought to create a more socialist society, with land reforms, nationalizations and more welfare schemes, etc. on the program. Growing financial problems, however, put an end to this experiment, and to overcome the financial problems. the substantial government debt and high inflation, a tight monetary and fiscal policy was subsequently implemented, privatization of state enterprises.

A large proportion of the population lives below the poverty line and the country has a relatively low purchasing power domestic market, which hinders economic development. Other problem areas are a poorly developed infrastructure, drug traffic and corruption. In addition, low prices on the world market come for the important products bauxite and aluminum, as well as the lack of new investment and unstable weather conditions affecting sugar and coffee production. However, a bright spot in the economy is a positive development in the tourism industry. In 2003, service industries contributed just over 60% of both GDP and employment.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Jamaica

Jamaica flag source: Countryaah.com


In 2002, agriculture (including fisheries) contributed just over 5% of GDP and employed just under 20% of the working population. Agriculture still plays an important, but declining, role in the country’s economy. Agriculture has repeatedly been severely hit by devastation associated with hurricanes. by Hurricane Ivan in 2004, when nearly 2/3 of coffee crops were destroyed.

Most of the cultivated land belongs to plantations, and approx. 75% of farmers are small farmers. Both small and large farms produce for export. Sugarcane is the most important export growth, and is grown especially on the coastal plains. Raw sugar production was 153,540 tonnes in 2003 (against 355,000 tonnes in 1975). Other important sales growths are bananas, which are especially grown on the humid northeast coast, as well as citrus fruits, coffee and cocoa. Some spices are also grown; Jamaica is the world’s largest producer of all kinds. For local consumption, i.e. corn, root vegetables (sweet potatoes, yams, cassava), tobacco and coconuts. It encourages the cultivation of rice and fruit, both to reduce food imports and to vary agricultural exports. Jamaica is not self-sufficient with food grains and other basic foods. Goats, cattle and pigs are most important in animal husbandry.

Timber production in 2001 was 874,000 m. Forest covered 16% of Jamaica’s total area in 2000. This was a decrease from 23.5% ten years earlier. Deforestation in the country is happening at a pace that is among the highest in the world. Fishing has little economic significance


Jamaica is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of bauxite. Bauxite is the most important raw material in aluminum production. Production of bauxite (13.4 million tonnes in 2003) and alumina contributed in 2003 with approx. 65% of the country’s total export revenue. Employment is of less importance to the industry; Mining in 2003 employed only 0.4% of the working population.

Limestone, some plaster and marble are also mined. Gold deposits.


The industry is largely based on the processing of bauxite and agricultural raw materials, especially sugar. The manufacture of food and beverages and tobacco accounts for approx. 70% of total industrial production. Especially in the metropolitan area, a versatile consumer goods industry has grown, where the products range from textiles and footwear to metal products and building materials. However, parts of this industry face strong competition from cheap imports of goods from low-cost countries in Asia.

In an effort to promote industrial development, economic fronts have been established at Kingston, Montego Bay and Spanish Town, aimed at establishing foreign companies. However, the new industries have been less able to improve the economic situation in the country. In 2003, the industry (including mining) contributed just over 30% of GDP and employed approx. 18% of the working population.


Tourism makes an important contribution to the economy. The industry is sometimes hit by periods of political and social turmoil. In 2003–04, 1.4 million tourists visited the island, excluding cruise ship tourists. About. 70% of tourists come from the United States. Most tourist destinations are along the north coast; in Montego Bay, Ocho Rios and Port Antonio are a number of luxury hotels

Foreign Trade

Since the mid-1970s, Jamaica has had a trade deficit abroad. The imbalance is due to both reduced prices of the country’s export products (bauxite and sugar) and rising imports. At the same time, the dramatic devaluation of the country’s currency in the first half of the 1980s increased import costs. Exports, which were previously dominated by sugar and bananas, now consist primarily of alumina and bauxite (8%). In 2003, sugar accounted for only 5% of exports.

Jamaica is a member of the Caribbean common market CARICOM, but the main buyer of exports is the United States, then Canada and the United Kingdom. Other EU countries and Norway are also important recipients of exports. Main import goods are machinery and transport equipment, fuel, chemicals, food and various consumables. The majority of imports come from the United States (44%), secondly from CARICOM countries and elsewhere in Latin America.

In the latter part of the 1980s, it was estimated that the value of illegal marijuana trafficking (both domestic and transit sales) exceeded the value of all legal exports.

Transport and Communications

The island has a relatively well-developed road network that follows the coast around the island, which cuts through the island in the north-south direction where the mountains make it possible. A smaller railway, approx. 200 km, Kingston connects with Montego Bay on the northwest coast, and with Port Antonio on the northeast coast. International airports can be found at Palisadoes (Norman Manley) 22 km outside Kingston and at Montego Bay (Sangster). Main port cities are Kingston, Montego Bay and Port Antonia.