Tag: Egypt

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The 10 longest rivers in the world

The 10 longest rivers in the world

Around 2/3 of the earth’s surface is covered with water. But it is not only the seas and lakes that play an important role. Rivers also occupy a large area of ​​the earth. Find out here which are the longest rivers in the world and what distinguishes them.

10th place: the Amur

The Amur, derived from the Evenk word “Tamur”, which means “Great River”, flows through China and Russia and, with a length of 2,824 kilometers, takes tenth place in the ranking of the largest rivers. The entire length of this river is navigable and travelers can admire the inspiring nature around the coastal mountains of Sichote-Alin. Wild animals such as the Siberian tiger or brown bear can be admired there.

9th place: The Jenissei

This river, which is more than 3,487 kilometers long, flows through Siberia with its entire length and, with its tributary, the great Jenissei, even forms a total length of around 4,092 kilometers.

Place 8: The Ob

Number 8 in the ranking for the longest rivers in the world also flows through Siberia, if only here through Western Siberia. The Ob, which has a length of 3,650 kilometers, has its origin in the Mansi and Khanty languages ​​and is derived from the term “Ac”, which is synonymous with the term “large water”. The peculiarity of this river is that it is covered with ice in its middle lower reaches about 220 days a year.

7th place: The Mississippi

Not only known from many films and songs, the Mississippi has a total length of 3,778 kilometers, making it one of the top ten longest rivers in the world. The river that flows through the United States originates in Lake Itasca in northern Minnesota.

6th place: The Congo

The Congo is not only a name for a city-state in Africa but also the name of one of the longest rivers in the world. With a length of 4,347 kilometers, the Congo is probably the sixth largest river in the world and at the same time the second largest river in Africa.

5th place: The Mekong

The 4,350 km long Mekong River, which means “turbulent river”, crosses six countries in its length in Southeast Asia. The origin of the Mekong is unclear, it is believed to originate in hard-to-reach areas of the Tibetan highlands.

4th place: The Yellow River

The Yellow River, also known as Wade-Giles, is a stream in China and has a total length of 4,845 kilometers. Only the Yangtze River makes it slip into number two in China’s longest rivers.

3rd place: The Yangtze River

With a length of 6,380 kilometers, the Yangtze River is the longest river in the People’s Republic of China and at the same time the longest river in Asia.

The Yangtze River

2nd place: The Amazon

Its total length of 6,448 kilometers makes the Amazon the second largest river in the world. With a water flow of 206,000 m³ / s, the Amazon is one of the richest rivers in the world and extends its water into seven smaller tributaries.

1st place: The Nile

Egypt is not only known for its high-quality tradition and majestic buildings such as the pyramids and the Sphinx. Here, in otherwise barren Egypt, is the longest river in the world. With a length of 6,852 kilometers, the Nile leads the ranking of the top ten longest rivers and is the only river on earth to cross one of the two subtropical dry belts, the Sahara.

 

Egypt Business

Egypt Business

According to abbreviationfinder, EG is the 2 letter abbreviation for the country of Egypt.

6,000 years ago a civilization emerged in the Nile Valley – Nahr-an-Nil – which developed a central state during a continuous battle with the flood. The Egyptian empire built the pyramids and developed a culture that was the origin of the so-called “western civilization”. This community succeeded in feeding a very large population in terms of the limited area that could be utilized. It was a center that had extensive economic, diplomatic and cultural links with the outside world. In the last millennium before our era (BCE), the downturn for society initially led to foreign rulers – pharaohs. They came from the Libyan and Sudanese dynasties. Later it became directly subject to other empires: the Assyrians, the Persians, the Greeks and the Romans.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Egypt

During the period when Egypt was first Greek and since Roman domination, Alexandria (Al-Iskandariyah) was one of the largest cultural centers in the classical world. Its famous library was the largest in the world until it burned during Caesar’s reign. It contains works by the greatest philosophers, scientists and literatures of the time. When the Arabs conquered the country in the year 642, not much was left of the greatness of the past. Like other peoples, the Egyptians adopted the Islamic faith and the Arabic language.

According to Countryaah, during the reign of the Fatimid Caliphs three centuries later, the new capital, Cairo (Al-Qahirah), became one of the most brilliant intellectual centers of the Islamic world. Its university attracted scholars and students of all its own – especially from Muslim Africa.

Between the 10th and 15th centuries, the country’s geographical location made it one of the hubs for trade between Asia and the Mediterranean – including Venice and Genoa. The active trade was in no way disturbed by the presence of European crusaders in Palestine in the 11-13. century and the almost constant war situation.

Economy

Inflation rate 23.50%
Unemployment rate 12.2%
Gross domestic product (GDP) 1,204,000,000,000 USD
GDP growth rate 4.20%
GDP per capita $ 12,700
GDP by sector
Agriculture 11.70%
Industry 34.30%
Service 54.00%
State budget
Revenue 27.01 billion
Expenditure 35.48 billion
Proportion of the population below the national poverty line 25.2%
Distribution of household income
Top 10% 27.6
Lower 10% 3.9
Industrial production growth rate 0.60%
Investment volume 14.7% of GDP
National debt 103.00% of GDP
Foreign exchange reserves $ 34,020,000,000
Tourism 2014
Number of visitors 9,628,000
Revenue $ 7,979,000,000

 

1500-1882 Ottoman Lordship

When the Crusaders first fled, Egypt was conquered by the new advancing power in the Islamic world – the Ottoman Sultanate. It happened in the 16th century. At the same time, however, Egypt entered a period of economic decline. Trade between Europe and the Far East increasingly occurred by sea south of Cape of Good Hope, and this abolished Egypt’s monopoly on this trade.

Until the 19th century, Turkish domination was not much more than nominal. The real power lay in the hands of mameluk chiefs. In 1805, an Albanian military commander, Mohamed Alí, assumed power. He drastically eliminated the Mameluk chiefs and created a centralized state apparatus. He reorganized the army and established a state monopoly on foreign trade in sugar and cotton. Egypt extended its autonomy to the Sultanate of Istanbul, laying the foundations for a modern economy.

Under Mohamed Ali’s successors, dependence on Europe increased. The economic resolution reached such highs that, in order to pay off its debt, the country in 1874 had to sell all its shares in the Suez Canal (As-Sways Canal) to Britain. The canal had been built jointly with the French in 1860-70. The situation got worse, one loan followed another, and in 1879 overseas forced the creation of a Public Debt Box, led by an Egyptian, a French and an English minister. They took over the management of the country’s finances.

1882 European invasion

This degree of interference in the country’s affairs triggered a nationalist reaction, supported by the army. The same year, Jediven Ismail was overthrown and his son Tawfiq was forced to throw foreign ministers at the gate and appoint a national government. However, the imperialist response did not wait: In 1882, an English-French fleet of English soldiers landed in Alexandria and they occupied the country. The British administration integrated Egypt into the capitalist world economy. Agriculture was geared towards exports – especially through cotton production. Strong production growth and economic recovery in the early decades of the 20th century brought huge profits to foreign investors and the small layer of large landowners.

The English occupation of the land was formally “legalized” in 1914, when it was made English Protectorate. At this time, opposition to British rule was led by the Nationalist Party, dominated by radical intellectuals led by Mustafa Kemal and Muhammad Farid. The national uprising in 1919 led to some concessions from the British: Egypt gained formal autonomy in 1922, but it was of such a nature that it was in fact a continuation of the protectorate. The gradual participation of Egyptian capital in economic life was opened. The Nationalist Party was replaced by the Wafd Party, which more clearly represented the interests of the emerging Egyptian citizenship. The following 25 years, the governmental power shifted between Wafd and the royal house, backed by foreign interests.