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Rio de Janeiro Attractions and Tourist

Rio de Janeiro Attractions and Tourist

Attractions in Rio de Janeiro

No one should doubt that there are not enough sights and attractions in and near mighty Rio de Janeiro. As elsewhere in Brazil you will find fantastic scenery and beaches of course. But Rio also has culture and city, as well as one of the world’s most famous statues!

  • See AbbreviationFinder for commonly used abbreviation of city Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Also includes meanings of the same acronym.

The Sugar Loaf
This famous spherical mountain crust, locally known as Pao de Acucar, is nearly 400 meters high and gives you breathtaking views of the entire city. You first take the gondola lane to the station at Morro da Urca and from there you can continue up to the top with the next lane. From here you can see Copacabana and Ipanema stretch for miles below you. Here you will find restaurants and cafes, souvenir shops and colonies of small monkeys.

The gondola train, which opened in 1912, runs from 1 p.m. 0800 in the morning until 7 p.m. 2200 in the evening [see picture first in article]. It costs approx. 90 kroner for a return ticket to the top. Children under five years drive free.

Cristo Redendor
The name may not tell you much, but Rio’s most common postcard motif is this 38-meter-high statue of Jesus with his outstretched arms on top of the over 700-meter Corcovado Mountain, just behind Copacabana. From here you have a fantastic view of the sugar peaks, the beaches, the city center and Maracana and the mountain ranges in the north. You can drive or take a taxi up here for approx. 200 NOK round trip or take the specially built train that runs every half hour from 10am. 0800 in the morning. The price is approx. 85 kroner, and the view is by far the best from the right side of the train. Read more.

Maracana Stadium
No trip to the footballers’ homeland is complete without a visit to one of the world’s largest stadiums, Maracana. During the 1950 World Cup finals (which Brazil, by the way, lost), it was rumored that around 200,000 spectators were seated at the stadium, but it has now been modified to approximately 97,000 seats. Attending a football match here is an experience for a European, who has doubtless experienced something similar. Here, the samba drums thunder for hours before the match, huge supporters’ flags are spread across the crowd, colored smoke bombs and Roman lights are burned off, and all the spectators seem to be in hysterical panic as the opposing team enters their halfway.

Maracana also has a museum which is open from 10am. 1100 a.m. to 3 p.m. 1700 Monday to Friday. Here is an interesting exhibition of objects from Brazil’s impressive football history. For more information, see the section Rio de Janeiro and sports.

Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden is an over 140-acre site with six lakes and thousands of different plants and flowers, mainly from Brazil. It has its own Amazon branch. Here are several hiking trails and picnic areas that can tempt you when you want to get away from the crowds and find your own quiet, green corner. Bring mosquito spray!

Parque Nacional da Tijuca
If the botanical garden is too small and too organized, try the Tijuca Forest. This 3200-acre Atlantic Rainforest is home to hundreds of wildlife species, such as sloths, harvesters and monkeys. In addition, it has an extensive flora of sprawling fruit trees, a bustling bird life, waterfalls and caves. Tijuca has been a national park since 1861. Those with extra stamina can also enjoy the 1018 meter high Pico da Tijuca. The park opens at 2 p.m. 0700 and closes at sunset.

Teatro Municipal
This nearly 100-year-old theater is decorated with statues, huge gilded mirrors, stained-glass windows and candelabras. It is well worth experiencing whether you are going to see a show or just take a tour.

Museu Historico do Exercito e Forte de Copacabana
On the headland between Copacabana and Ipanema lies this fort, which was built in 1914 to defend the city against invaders from the sea. Here are weapons and cannon displays and a great view of the Copacabana.

Tourist in Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro has a number of tour operators to help you with a guided tour in and around the city. The reception at your hotel can certainly help you, or you can book online when you wish. Of course, it is quite possible and more affordable to visit all the attractions on your own, but if you are planning to visit a favela, we strongly recommend that you contact a serious tour operator.

Day 1 in Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro Attractions 2

Since you are definitely not going to take an early night, we recommend you have a late breakfast at the hotel before finding bus 500, 511 or 512 to Urca. From the bus stop you will see the lower mountain lift station which takes you 218 meters up on Morro da Urca. Take a look down at the Gulf of Guanabara before continuing on the next gondola lane to the top of the Sugar Loaf. From here you can enjoy the view of one of the most beautiful cities in the world. You are now 395 meters above sea level. Here you will find restaurants, souvenir shops, viewing binoculars and a colony of cute but exceptionally cheeky and thievery monkeys, so hold on. There are not a few tourists who have come to the local police station from small-town fliers to report that “a monkey got off with the passport and the Visa card.”

Take the bus back to Copacabana and get off at Avenida Princesa Isabel. From here you walk down to the world’s most famous beach, the four kilometer long Copacabana. Feel free to stop by and take advantage of the offers of the many sellers. Sunglasses, sunscreen, hammocks, beer, caipirinha, tattoos, fruits, strawberries, coconuts and barbecue are some of the offerings. Be careful about the extremely tempting and seemingly fresh seafood you are guaranteed to be offered; you have no idea how long it has been in the sun. But if you see that it has been recently cooked through, there is usually no danger.

At the end of the beach lies the nearly hundred-year-old fortress Forte de Copacabana, which today is a museum with exhibited weapons, cannons and pictures from the building’s active history. And the views of Copacabana beach are great too.

If you are looking for more fabulous views, take a taxi or bus to Rua Cosme Velho. Here you will find the Estacão da Estrada de Ferro Corcovado, the train station that brings you up on the Corcovado mountain. In the last paragraph you have to walk a steep staircase, but the rewards are worth it. As it starts to darken around you and the city lights go on, you stand beneath the 38-foot tall Jesus statue, Rios Protector, with an absolutely stunning view around you on all sides.

Take a taxi back to your hotel, get yourself a well-deserved shower, a breather and maybe a drink at the bar before it’s time to think about dinner, if it’s been late enough. Most restaurants do not fill up until about 10 pm on weekends. An old classic is Garota de Ipanema in Rua Prudente de Morais 49. This is where Jobim and Morais sat in the fifties when they wrote the now world famous song by the same name. It serves a large selection of Brazilian dishes as well as pizza and pasta, if you prefer. When you are good and satisfied, you can visit bars and clubs nearby.

Day 2 in Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro Attractions

After another late breakfast, you might want to spend a few hours sunbathing on the nearest beach? Or maybe you want to take a closer look at the cultural sights of Rio de Janeiro’s old neighborhoods? Within a relatively small area of ​​the city center you will find buildings and sights such as the National Library, the Art Gallery of the Museo Nacional de Belas Artes and the Opera and Concert Hall Teatro Municipal. Also visit the huge cathedral of the city, the monastery Mosteiro de São Bento, and the Baroque / Renaissance church Nossa Senhora de Candelària.

Samba and football are perhaps the first thing most people think of when they hear the name Rio de Janeiro, and both have their own museums near the downtown areas. Sambódromo is the huge passage through which carnival parades pass, and here you also find the Museu do Carnaval. Maracana football stadium should preferably be visited in connection with a match, but if it is not a Sunday in the season, you can still visit the corresponding sports museum, which is open from. 1100 a.m. to 3 p.m. 1700 Monday to Friday. Here you will find all the trophies Brazil has won, Pele’s football jersey and flags and photographs from the country’s unique football history.

When the evening comes, it’s time to try another Brazilian restaurant. At Leme, in the northeastern part of Copacabana, you will find Restaurante Shirley, which specializes in all kinds of seafood, both fish, clams, squid and lobster, at reasonable prices.

Another highly respected meat and seafood restaurant is Mariu’s Degustare a few hundred meters further east, almost at the end of the beach. The address is Off. Atlântica, 290. This is a churrascaria restaurant where you can eat as much as you want for less than 200 kroner.

Afterwards you might want to drink an ice cold beer at the beach? Close to these two restaurants are several local pub chains and which is very popular with the local residents. There it is cramped and noisy, and maybe not the place you take your grandmother with, but it is very Brazilian!

Brazil Business

Brazil Business

Colonization is taking off

According to Countryaah, over time, two forms of agricultural production developed. Partly the cleared fields, granjas, and the large plantations, fazendas that grew export crops – especially sugar cane. Despite the favorable conditions, it took a long time for the plantations to become truly profitable. It was due to the lack of capital and labor. The Portuguese tried well enough to put the indigenous people in labor in exchange for European goods, but the agriculture and discipline of the plantations lay them distant. The settlers therefore quickly decided to obtain slave labor. Either through direct hunting of Indians or by using other Indians as middlemen.

  • According to abbreviationfinder, BR is the 2 letter abbreviation for the country of Brazil.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Brazil

Already in the second half of the 16th century the Native American population of the coastal areas was greatly reduced. It had died of European diseases – colds, measles and smallpox – or had fled to other zones. The use of African slaves for the cultivation of sugar was therefore allowed and traffic across the Atlantic increased dramatically. It is estimated that 3-4 million African slaves arrived in Brazil from the 16th to the 19th centuries. (For the same reasons as in 1530, the Portuguese crown decided in 1848 to be directly represented in Brazil again. It appointed a general governor who, with 1000 men, left for Brazil, where he founded a capital for the entire country of Bahía in the northeastern corner of the country).

In 1551, the Portuguese created an archdiocese. It was only after 50 years of presence that the Portuguese had reached the same level of European institutions that characterized the Spanish colonies. At about the same time, the Jesuits began to arrive, and they quickly became the strongest branch of the Catholic Church, unlike the Spanish colonies, to which they arrived much later than other orders. The Jesuits were very active. They taught guaraní to convert natives to Catholicism and created villages in the same way as the missions of the Spanish colonies. In the end, the primary form of contact between natives and Europeans – war, trade, slavery and the missionary – therefore became the same as in the Spanish territories. The contact also meant that the guaraní language of this century became the most widely used in all relationships.

Brazil undertook a rapid expansion west of the line laid down in the Tordesilla Treaty – the longitude 370 leguas (approximately 2000 km) west of Cabo Verde. The expansion reached the foothills of the Andes to the west, to the north of the Amazon and to the south of Río de la Plata. In the north, the expansion was led by the Jesuits who created countless mission stations across the Amazon. In the northeast, peasants from the sugar cane areas around Pernambuco and Bahía penetrated the heart of the continent in search of new pastures. They reached as far forward as Piauí, Goiás and Maranhao.

But the main wave of expansion to the west was led by the “Paulists”, who were called the settlers from São Paulo. In their search for native slaves, gold, and gems, the Paulists organized large expeditions – known as bandiras – into the interior of the country. Portugal’s incorporation into the Spanish kingdom in 1580 facilitated this expansion, for the internal borders of the country were abolished, like the Treaty of Tordesilla. The expeditions brought the Paulists all the way to the mining areas of Peru and to Bogotá in Colombia. They also explored Mato Grosso and in the south they attacked the native settlements – especially in Guaíra where the Guaranís were reasonably immune to European diseases and won for collective agricultural work. In most cases, they encountered resistance from the Guarani and the Jesuits who protected them. It was such a devastating human hunt that it forced the Jesuit missions further south to their final location in Siete Pueblos in the current state of Río Grande do Sur.

It was not just the Paulists who stepped into the dense rainforest. Thousands of African slaves fled from the coastal plantations into the forests. There, Africans, natives and mestizos joined together in constant wars against the military expeditionary force of the colonial power. They created villages that got the African names “quilombo” and “mokambo”. In northeast Brazil, the Palmares Quilombos (1630-1695) became famous, and their leader in the fight against the Portuguese, Zumbí, became history. The anti-racist Brazilian movement continues today to mark November 20 as “The Day of Black Consciousness” – the day Zumbí was killed in combat.

Brazil was also swirled in the Dutch independence struggle against Spain. Due. In succession, the Netherlands and Flanders were owed the Spanish crown. In the period 1630-54, the Dutch occupied Pernambuco after an attempt to capture Bahía. An attempt that failed only because of the joint efforts of natives, Africans and Portuguese. The subsequent separation of Spain and Portugal was unable to revive Tordesilla’s demarcation line. This dividing line between the two colonial powers had long since been overtaken by history. In 1696, gang riots encounteredon the first gold mines in what is today Minas Gerais. In the 18th century, the area reached its largest production of precious metal. The consequences of these mines for the Brazilian economy were a major reason for the capital being moved from Salvador do Bahía in the north to Rio de Janeiro in the south in 1763.