Bicycles for children resemble adult bike, but provide extra safety and comfort. They are usually quite colorful, to be in line with the desire of joy of children. Read our guide to buying bikes for kids to know characteristics, types, security and how to choose the model that best suits your child’s needs.
The progenitor of the bicycle comes no more than 200 years ago in Germany, by Baron Karl von Drais, hence the first name draisine, then turned into a velocipede. Actually, the first bicycle is anticipated by illustrious prototypes as some drawings of Leonardo da Vinci or the model developed by the Comte Mede de Sivrac in 1791.
His “bike” called celerifero was introduced in the same year at the Palais Royal in Paris together with bicycle lighting. But, to get to the bicycle as we conceive of it today, decades have yet to pass. You might think that the pedals were introduced only in 1857, that is, forty years after the invention of the draisine officer. Before the middle pedal was pushed forward by the force of the foot that is not peeling off the ground: it was a bit like walking sitting on the saddle. For this reason, the prototype of the modern bike is also called velocipede and is considered the first man’s attempt to move with a medium without towing of horses.
However, to see the effects of technical developments of the medium, you should expect at least 1860. Authorship of technical improvements that led to modern bike, is still subject to discussion: Alexandre Lefebvre, according to someone who was the inventor of the pedal stroke back, far more convenient in terms of balance during March. Others were Ernest Michaux and Pierre Lallement in France or the American Jim Hurd. The fact is that already in the late 19th century, the bike is a widespread means of transport, also thanks to the invention of the tyre (making it less difficult to ride and control of the vehicle than the simple circle of iron) and ball bearings. The wheels with spokes (lighter than previous) appeared in 1869, invented by Eugene Meyer.
A beautiful bicycle type that today maybe you only see in any view or in circuses, is called ordinary or Penny Farthing. Makes its appearance in England around 1870 and is more scenic than user friendly. The front wheel has a radius of nearly 1.5 metres, while behind there is only a small tailwheel. As the cyclist was with the very centre of gravity moved forward and was therefore subject to frequent falls, not generally spread among the general public.
In 1885 comes the safety bike, with two wheels of equal diameter and size: biking quickly became a popular practice. New models of bikes begin to appear on the market around the eighties of the twentieth century: before that time, the best selling bike models are those racing, with thin, curved handlebars and wheels the lightweight frame with derailleurs from 5 to 15 speed. Mountain biking makes its appearance in 1980. Its characteristic is a robust chassis, the large wheels with deep tread grooves, complex suspension handlebar right. The latter feature allows the rider to have a firm grip and extra stability along trails, such as the rocky mountain trails.
On the threshold of the 21st century however, the tastes of the audience seem to despise both the race bike, thought to be basically by professionals, either mountain biking, deemed inconvenient. The market responded dusting off the old models year sixty, lightweight, comfortable and reliable exchange systems. Of course, except for the ordinary or Penny Farthing Bicycle, other models are made for adults but also for children. The difference, except for professional cycling where to change are the materials, it substantially reduces to a question of measures. In the next section we will see all the characteristics of a bicycle as a child.
The rule that applies regardless of the age of the person is as follows: to find out which model best suited to the needs of those who have to ride your bike, you must measure the distance between the horse and the ankle. In principle is as follows:
- 24″: adults with a distance horse-ankle from 77 to 85cm.
- 26″: adults with a distance horse-ankle from 85cm onwards.
For the purchase of children’s bikes, the size chart is even simpler: there is no need to measure the inseam length-ankle, partly because children tend to grow rapidly and although bikes have adjustable seat, is always better than any bicycle is proportionate to the child that must guide. Then, the producers, have set the height compatible with bikes depending on the size of the rim. Here’s the table:
- 12″: children from 71 to 97cm.
- 16″: children from 97 to 122cm.
- 20″: 122 to 152cm children.
When you find the right size and model to buy (usually the children reflect the patterns of adult bike, adding plastic parts such as fenders, baskets and wheels for those who still must learn to ride on two wheels), it is important to equip your bicycle with some safety accessories like reflectors. If the bike is used in a closed or delimited, such as a yard, it is not necessary (but it is still recommended) to mount a front light to be visible. The bottle of water, attached to the frame thanks to its holder, complete the equipment of children or older children who want to make trips outside the city. It must not be forgotten, in this case, even the baschetto protective, breathable clothing and sunglasses and tailored to the sport.
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