Europe

England Landmarks

Detailed description of many of the major or interesting landmarks of England, which is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK)

Opera and theater

Georgian Theater in Richmond
In the old market town of Richmond is the second oldest theater that is still played today: the Georgian Theater. It was built in 1788 and has been preserved in its original form.

Royal Exchange Theater Manchester
The Royal Exchange Theater in Manchester is one of the oldest and most famous theaters in the city.

Minack Theater in Porthcurno
The Minack Theater in the small town of Porthcurno is located between granite cliffs directly above the sea, which allows for a breathtaking view. It was based on the model of a Greek amphitheater. Many demonstrations take place here in the summer months.

The two famous universities

Oxford University
The traditional university city of Oxford has a total of 35 colleges, which together form the undisputed number 1 attraction in the city. Many of the buildings are no longer accessible to the public, as the large number of visitors were incompatible with teaching. Others have certain opening times and can be viewed in small groups.

University College is the oldest in Oxford and was founded under Alfred the Great in the 9th century.

The bell tower, which has become the city’s landmark, dates from the 15th century. Across from University College is Queen’s College, which was founded in 1340; at the entrance the eminent architect Sir Christopher Wren erected a statue of Queen Caroline.

The main library in Oxford, the Bodleian Library, is on Broad Street and houses over 6 million books. Balliol College, Magdalen College and New College are also particularly worth seeing. The testimony takes place in the venerable Sheldion Theater, also built by Cjristopher Wren. The building is round and, with its fence decorated with busts, looks like a Roman theater.

Oxford University

Cambridge University
The second famous university in England is the University of Cambridge, an institution founded in 1209 that is one of the most prestigious universities in the world. According to the Times Ranking of 2009, it is in second place. This reputation is well deserved, as the university has produced more Nobel Prize winners than any other university on earth. It is in strong rivalry with Oxford, which is evident every year through the Boat Race when the respective university teams organize their eight races on the Thames (since 1829, by the way). Cambridge University is made up of 31 colleges, each of which has a certain degree of independence. The oldest of the colleges is Peterhouse, founded in 1284.

Ascot horse racing

The Ascot horse race is certainly the most famous horse race in the world. The third day of the Ascot racing week is the most important day of the event. This race covers a distance of 4,022 m for the Ascot Gold Cup, which was awarded for the first time in 1807. The Royal Ascot horse race has been held at Ascot Racecourse in Ascot since August 11, 1711. The racecourse is in Berkshire, south of Windsor Castle. The race was initiated by Queen Anne Stuart (1665-1714) and has been under the patronage of the British royal family ever since.
Special attention is always drawn to the incredibly imaginative hats worn by the women who attend the race and, for many, are often more exciting than the races themselves.

Ports

Boston Harbor
The former most important harbor for British textile exports is in Boston, 55 km from Lincoln. From here the Pilgrim Fathers set out to explore the New World in 1630.

Albert Dock in Liverpool
Since the Albert Dock in Liverpool was renovated and reopened in the 1980s, the city’s port has been revitalized both in terms of tourism and culture. In and around the warehouses, originally designed by Jesse Hartley in 1846, visitors now cavort in restaurants, shopping centers, museums and galleries.

Royal Dockyards in Brighton
The Navy shares this area with an exhibition on the historic port city; Even in the Middle Ages, sailing schooners were equipped here for sea battles.

Channels

The Central England Canal System The Central England Canal System was built in 1761 and was the primary route for freight across England until it was replaced by the railroad in 1963. It connects the natural rivers of the Midlands. Around 1805 the canal network covered a total of 4800 km, of which 3200 km are still navigable today and used for private transport and tourism. Many of the canals and locks are so narrow that they can only be navigated by the typical so-called narrow boats, which are now mostly private houseboats or are rented out to holidaymakers on a daily basis.