Old Town of Riga (World Heritage)

Old Town of Riga (World Heritage)

According to extrareference, the foundation of Riga in 1201 goes back to Bishop Albert I von Buxhövden. The later Hanseatic city of Riga is the second oldest city to be founded on the Baltic Sea after Lübeck. The old town documents the long history of the Hanseatic city, which is also known for its Art […]


Interesting Buildings in Antwerp, Belgium

Interesting buildings and structures Alcatel-Lucent Bell NV This building is located in the Kievit district of Antwerp. It is the headquarters of Alcatel-Lucent, one of the world’s leading manufacturers and suppliers of telecommunications and network equipment. The company was created on December 1, 2006 from the merger of the French group Alcatel and the US […]

Annaberg-Buchholz, Germany Overview

Annaberg-Buchholz, Germany Overview

Annaberg-Buchholz – the secret capital of the Ore Mountains? “If you are a rich Annaberg, you have a sack full of Schreckenberger.” – This was the motto soon after the first silver finds in the Ore Mountains: In 1491 a certain Caspar Nietzel came across a silver corridor on the 649 meter high Schreckenberg in […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Albania

Albania Business

1992-97 According to Countryaah, in May 1991, 300,000 launched a strike demanding the resignation of the Communist government and a 50% increase in wages. Prime Minister Fatos Nano dissolved the government for seeking an alliance with the opposition parties, sparking fierce criticism by the orthodox communists against the party’s leadership and President Alia. In late […]

tightrope walking over the Mekong
Africa Asia Europe South America

The 10 most dangerous bridges in the world

Suspension bridges, motorway bridges, pedestrian bridges – there are many types of bridges, but which bridges are the most dangerous and where can they be found? 10th place – the “Indoboard Bridge” (Indonesia) This bridge has to be listed among the top ten most dangerous bridges in the world, because as its name suggests, it […]

Oxford University

England Landmarks

Detailed description of many of the major or interesting landmarks of England, which is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) Opera and theater Georgian Theater in Richmond In the old market town of Richmond is the second oldest theater that is still played today: the Georgian Theater. It was […]

Kosovo Early History

Kosovo Early History

In Kosovo – as in Southeastern Europe in general – history and its interpretation are considered to be of great relevance. The understanding of history or the mystification of history by (Kosovar) Albanians and (Kosovar) Serbs with regard to Kosovo is diametrically opposed and mostly collides head-on. Neutral interpretations of historical images that weigh up […]

5 must in Es Canutells

5 Must in Es Canutells

The small resort of Es Canutells in southwestern Menorca is not a typical charter destination with nightlife and lots of restaurants. Instead, it is peace and quiet that is on the agenda and here it is most common to lie and gasp under the sun on the beach or go out to a nearby village […]

De Panne

Belgium North Sea Coast

Belgium’s North Sea coast in the Flanders region offers around 65 kilometers of dreamy sandy beaches and picturesque places that invite you to relax. Children in particular get their money’s worth here on holiday: They can build sandcastles and splash around in the gently sloping sea. Most of the beaches are monitored by lifeguards, so […]

Europe Business

Europe Business

Economy and resources Europe’s agriculture is highly developed, but there is great variation between different countries and regions. Agriculture accounts for about ten percent of employment. About 30 percent of the continent’s area is cultivable. Most important in Northern Europe is the production of vegetables, meat and milk, in Central and Eastern Europe cereals and […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the United Kingdom

United Kingdom Business

The UK and Northern Ireland have undergone significant restructuring in the last fifty years. In the 1970s and 1980s, traditional industrial regions experienced an economic downturn, partly because large parts of the machinery and textile industries were closed down or redeployed as a result of competition from import goods. The traditional mining industry was greatly […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Ukraine

Ukraine Business

Ukraine was very important to the economy of the Soviet Union and the country has a significant industrial heritage from that time. In addition to industrial production, the extraction of mineral resources and agriculture is important for the country’s economy. The country is highly dependent on steel exports and this makes the country’s economy very […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Turkey
Asia Europe

Turkey Business

Measured by Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Turkey is the world’s 19th largest economy (2019). Turkey participates in the G20. GDP per capita in 2019 was US $ 28,264, which was higher than in neighboring northwest, Bulgaria, but lower than neighboring west, Greece. In 2019, unemployment was 11.9 percent. 21.9 percent of the population lives below […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Switzerland

Switzerland Business

Business and Economics Switzerland is a poor commodity country whose business sector is characterized by a highly specialized manufacturing industry and a significant service sector, especially in banking and finance. The tourism industry is also important. The economy is stable and has expanded significantly during the post-war period, for example through the utilization of foreign […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Sweden

Sweden Business

The largest sector in Sweden is service industries, which employ 80 percent of the working population (2016). From the mid-1800s, the industry in Sweden gradually took over agriculture as the dominant industry, and the industry continued to grow until the mid-1970s, before the service industries took over. Economy Ever since the 1930s, the principle of […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Spain

Spain Business

Spain’s economy is ranked as the fifth largest in Europe, by Germany, France, the UK and Italy. The country’s most important export products are motor vehicles, metals and metal products, footwear and textiles, as well as food and beverages. Imports are dominated by crude oil, machinery and metal products, chemical products and foodstuffs. Like other […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Slovenia

Slovenia Business

Business and Economics During the beginning of the 1990s, Slovenia’s economy showed stable growth. After 2009, however, it was adversely affected by a rapidly increasing budget deficit. Furthermore, the international financial crisis has had drastic consequences for the national banks, which during the good years have devoted themselves to unsecured lending. Since many borrowers have […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Slovakia

Slovakia Business

Slovakia has an open economy that is largely driven by the export of cars and electronic equipment. Slovakia as part of Czechoslovakia Until 1948, much of the Slovakian part of Czechoslovakia was characterized by agriculture, although there were also a number of small and medium-sized industrial enterprises in the cities. In the following decades, the […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Serbia

Serbia Business

According to countryaah, Serbia’s economy is still characterized by the war situation in the 1990s and the NATO bombing in 1999, which helped to weaken the country’s economy. From 2000, a comprehensive market reform program was implemented in Serbia. The government has pursued a strict fiscal policy that has helped stabilize the economy. Successful banking […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of San Marino

San Marino Business

According to countryaah, despite cuts in Other Countries in Europe and neoliberal steps to dismantle the welfare state, San Marino has maintained its high standard of living and effective health care, considered one of the best in the world. The government seeks to maintain the high standard of living through a program of economic development, […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Russia
Asia Europe

Russia Business

Business Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the Russian Federation is considered a market economy, and in 2016 the country was the sixth largest economy in the world. However, economy and business are still characterized by Soviet economic policy. Business is adversely affected by the fact that the banks are not sufficiently independent of […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Romania

Romania Business

Business and Economics Despite good energy resources, a developed industrial sector and fertile soils, Romania is one of Europe’s poorest countries. During the first half of the 1990s, the country experienced good growth; In 2000–08, the economy grew by an average of just over 6 percent per year. The country attracted foreign investment in many […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Portugal

Portugal Business

Following Portugal’s accession to the EU in 1986, the country has seen almost continuous economic growth. Portugal has also gained a more complex and more service-oriented economy after joining the EU. Since the mid-1990s, the authorities have intensified the process of privatizing state-owned companies. Portugal adopted the euro currency unit in 2002 at the same […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Poland

Poland Business

Economics and business Although only 2 percent of GDP comes from the earthquake, Poland is in many ways still an agricultural country. However, since the transition to the market economy in the early 1990s, other sectors of the business sector have developed faster, such as the light manufacturing industry and the trade and service industries. […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Norway

Norway Business

Economics and business Norway is a highly developed industrial country. Since the beginning of the 1970s, the country has experienced greater economic growth than most industrialized countries, while unemployment has been kept at a comparatively low level. Economic developments have meant that GDP per capita is now among the highest in the world (US $ […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the Republic of North Macedonia

Northern Macedonia Business

Business Agriculture is still of great importance to the economy of Northern Macedonia, but the sector that has increased most during the 1990s is the service and service sector. According to countryaah, Northern Macedonia’s economy is heavily dependent on the outside world, and it has been hit hard by the region’s many conflicts. By participating […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the Netherlands

Netherlands Business

The Netherlands has a versatile business sector with an emphasis on industry, trade and transport. The country’s location makes it a natural gateway to much of Western Europe, and the economy is therefore largely characterized by trade. The Netherlands has a relatively large import of raw materials, which are processed domestically (especially in the high-tech […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Montenegro

Montenegro Business

The industrial base in Montenegro has traditionally been based on sheep and goat breeding. Tourist traffic has traditionally been of great importance on the coast, but the industry was sharply reduced in the 1990s due to the political situation. At independence in 1991, Montenegro was the least developed of the Yugoslav republics. Until 1996, there […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Monaco

Monaco Business

Business According to countryaah, Monaco’s economy is not comparable to any other country in Europe. In a country without income and wealth tax (French and American citizens living in Monaco have to pay taxes in their home countries) and with a large proportion of income from abroad it is difficult to make a fair estimate […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Moldova

Moldova Business

Agriculture and industry are the most important trade routes in Moldova. Moldova does not have its own energy sources and has no significant mineral resources. Much of the industry depends on agricultural raw materials. Agriculture Although strong industrialization was carried out under the communist regime, agriculture is still a very important trade route. About 75 […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Malta

Malta Business

Business and Economics According to Countryaah, Malta’s most important industries are tourism and industry. The manufacturing industry consists mainly of shipyards and lighter industries, which manufacture, for example, textile, leather, plastic and metal products. The food industry is also significant. Industrial goods account for almost all exports, which, however, generally cover only slightly more than […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Luxembourg

Luxembourg Business

Luxembourg is a high-income country with solid economic growth, low inflation and unemployment and has one of the highest living standards in Western Europe. The country’s GDP per capita has been among the world’s highest for a number of years. In 2004, GDP per household was estimated at USD 58 900 per household, which was […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Lithuania

Lithuania Business

Before World War II, Lithuania was a typical agricultural country that exported flax, dairy products and timber. The industry was largely limited to textiles and foodstuffs, as the country, like Latvia, lacks industrial raw materials. Especially in the 1960s, the development of the industry was given priority. In the Soviet era, the Baltic economies were […]


Liechtenstein Business

Business and Economics According to countryaah, Liechtenstein has for a short time developed from a traditional agricultural society to an advanced industrial society. The standard of living has come in line with that in Switzerland. Agriculture, which accounts for just under 1 percent of employment, is traditionally dominated by livestock management with a focus on […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Latvia

Latvia Business

Latvia’s economy is part of the EU’s economic community, and the country also has strong ties with Russia and the other former Soviet states. Exports make up more than half of gross domestic product. Forestry and agriculture, alongside the production of metal products and electronics, are some of the most important spheres. Due to its […]


Kosovo Business

According to countryaah, Kosovo’s gross domestic product (GDP) increased by 55.2 percent in the period 2007–2017. Yet GDP per capita is only US $ 10 900 (2017). Of European countries, only Moldova has lower per capita GDP. Unemployment in Kosovo is 30.5 per cent, and is particularly high in the 18 to 25 age group, […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Italy

Italy Business

Italy is one of the world’s largest economies. The country’s industrial expansion came as a post- World War II reconstruction, aided by financial support from the United States, and transformed Italy from an agricultural society into a modern industrial state. In the first half of the 1970s, Italy was hit by an economic crisis with […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Ireland

Ireland Business

Ireland’s economy is largely focused on exports of goods and services, as the domestic market is relatively small. Gross domestic product (GDP) in 2017 was USD 353.3 billion. GDP per capita was $ 73,200 that year, which is among the highest in the world. Ireland has traditionally been an agricultural country with little industry. In […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Iceland

Iceland Business

Economics and business For many years, fishing and fishery products have been the basis of Iceland’s economy; until 2000, the fisheries industry accounted for about 75 percent of the country’s export revenue. Nowadays fishing’s share of exports has dropped to 40 percent, while aluminum production has become increasingly important. Thanks to the large availability of […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Hungary

Hungary Business

Economics and business Hungary’s economy is one of the largest in Eastern Europe. The country has an export-oriented business sector that has attracted a lot of foreign investment capital during most of the 1990s. The manufacturing industry has been modernized and new industries have been added, including car manufacturing and the IT industry. At the […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Greece

Greece Business

Greece became a member of the Monetary and Economic Union in 2001. Prior to membership, Greece had had several years of low economic growth, but during the period 2002-2005, growth rose to around four percent. This is due mainly to investments and upgrades of infrastructure in connection with the 2004 Summer Olympic Games held in […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Germany

Germany Business

Germany’s gross domestic product – GDP amounted to approx. EUR 3133 billion in 2016, placing the country in fourth place in the world (after the US, China and Japan). Germany was the world’s export nation in the 2000s. In 2009, China took first place from Germany. The most important export goods are cars, machines and […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of France

France Business

Business and Economics French business was long characterized by a fairly slow industrialization and economic development compared to the other Western European countries. Until the Second World War, agriculture was the largest industry. Since then, France has quickly become a country based mainly on service and industry. Especially during the 1960s, the economic growth rate […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Finland

Finland Business

Crisis and patchwork According to Countryaah, the parliamentary system ended in a crisis situation in 1929, due to conflict between the bourgeois parties at the same time as the difficult economic crisis. The center of Finnish politics probably stood for parliamentary democracy, but at the same time it shared the experiences and traditions of 1918 […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Estonia

Estonia Business

According to Countryaah, in the late 90’s and early 91’s, the Soviet power threatened to use force to impede independence, and it resulted in several clashes between Soviet troops and nationalist groups. In September, conservative forces in Russia carried out a failed coup against Mikhail Gorbachov, Boris Yeltsin had actually taken power, and only now […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Denmark

Denmark Business

Economics and business Denmark’s business sector is dominated by service and service industries and a modern industry, while the previously important agriculture now contributes only a small part of GDP. A small domestic market and a shortage of industrial raw materials make the country highly dependent on foreign trade. Until the financial crisis in 2008, […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Czech Republic

Czech Republic Business

Economics and business The Czech Republic now has a stable market economy where the driving force lies in an export-oriented industrial production, including large car production. The industry accounts for 37 percent of GDP. Economic development is unevenly distributed within the country, and it is mainly areas around Prague and close to the German and […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Croatia

Croatia Business

Business Croatia has a modern economy, where the service and service industries employ about 65 percent of the country’s workforce. During the 1990s, tourism has again emerged as an important part of the country’s economy and now accounts for about 40 percent of export earnings. In the years 2000–07, Croatia saw GDP growth of 4–6 […]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Bulgaria

Bulgaria Business

According to Countryaah, Bulgaria was accused in the 1980’s of launching a forced assimilation of the country’s Turkish minority, estimated to amount to approx. 10% of the total population. Sofia in 1986 rejected Amnesty International’s charges of arresting more than 250 Turks who had refused to accept their new identity documents. Bulgaria and Turkey signed […]