Category Archives: Europe

The oldest tourist types at all counts Pilgrim tourism. Places of pilgrimage and pilgrimage can be found in European countries with predominantly Catholic and Greek Orthodox populations.

The location of the spas and health resorts often follows geological guidelines such as fracture zones and faults. A concentration of medicinal baths can also be seen in areas of former volcanic activity such as the French Massif Central. A favorable bioclimate, such as stimulus intensity or particularly pure air, can also determine the choice of location here.

City trips are currently one of the fastest growing market segments in tourism. Points of attraction are, on the one hand, historical places, monuments, museums, theaters, exhibitions, etc. On the other hand, shopping and entertainment options largely determine the choice of travel destination. A trend towards “event tourism” can be observed, in which temporary large-scale events in sport (e.g. European or world football championships) or in the cultural sector (e.g. art exhibitions or music weeks) exert a great attraction on visitors. The area of ​​city tourism also includes professionally motivated business travel and trade fair and congress travel. Overall, the big cities have the lowest seasonal fluctuations and the highest number of visitors. The European capitals and metropolises in particular clearly stand out here, for example Vienna with around 5.8 million guest arrivals (2013; compared to 2007: 4.2 million) and an average length of stay of 2.2 days. For more information about the continent of Europe, please check

Vatican City Business

According to commit4fitness, Vatican City is a tiny sovereign city-state in the heart of Rome with a largely service-based economy. Tourism is an important part of the economy, with millions of visitors coming to the city each year to visit its many cultural and religious sites. The Vatican mints its own coins, stamps and other… Read More »

Sibiu, Romania

Sibiu (Sibiu, the German name is Hermannstadt (Germanstadt) is a city in Transylvania, the administrative center of Sibiu County, the European Capital of Culture in 2007. It is one of the most important cultural and religious centers of Romania, as well as a major transport hub in the very center of the country. See Citypopulationreview for… Read More »

How to Get to Paris, France

Paris has been among the top five most popular tourist destinations for many years, with about 15 million travelers annually. The city hospitably welcomes everyone – there are three international airports in its vicinity: Charles de Gaulle, Orly and Beauvais. In addition, Paris is a major railway junction, with 7 railway stations located on its… Read More »

Sviyaga, Russia

Ski sports complex “Kazan” (popularly “Sviyaga”) is located near the Sviyazhsky Reserve at the confluence of three rivers: Sulitsy, Sviyaga and Volga. Today it is one of the largest ski resorts in central Russia. The resort received its curious name after the name of the river, a tributary of the Volga, on the right bank… Read More »

Aegean Coast of Turkey

The Aegean coast of Turkey differs in many ways from Antalya. The climate here is drier, and the entire resort infrastructure is located more compactly. On the coast of the Aegean Sea, as well as in Antalya, there are club-type hotels and city hotels. Check liuxers for customs and traditions of Turkey. It was on the… Read More »

Things to do in Lier, Belgium

Let’s be honest: Lier is not the most obvious city for those looking for a city trip destination in Belgium. Large cities such as Antwerp, Bruges, Brussels and Ghent can count on much more interest from the Netherlands. And maybe that’s exactly why you should consider Lier. This Flemish city is considerably smaller, less crowded… Read More »

Sights of Seville, Spain

The Spanish city of Seville is a special city in several respects. Not only is it considered by many to be the most beautiful city in Spain, Seville is also one of the hottest cities in Europe. A striking detail in the streetscape of Seville are the canvases in the historic streets in the center… Read More »

Tenerife Travel Tips

Tenerife at a glance Tenerife is probably the most famous of the seven Canary Islands and it is not called the island of contrasts for nothing . Because there are so many differences between north and south that you don’t think it’s the same island. The North The north is very green, natural and quiet.… Read More »

Places to Visit in France

Marseille (France) Marseille is located on the Mediterranean coast, it was founded by the Greeks in 600 BC, so the city is already over 2600 years old. It is the largest port in France. The city is divided into 16 zones, the first and most ancient zone is the Old Town area, adjacent to the… Read More »

Aleksandrov, Russia

According to A Country Blog, Alexandrov is located 40 km northeast of Sergiev Posad, almost in the center of the Golden Ring. The first settlement on the site of Alexandrov arose in the XIII century, called the Great Sloboda. It passed into the ownership of the Moscow princes in 1302. Sloboda began to revive after… Read More »

Santander, Cantabria (Spain)

According to Animalerts, the city of Santander is the capital of the autonomous region of Cantabria and is located on the coast of the Bay of Biscay. It is spread out on the shores of Santander Bay. The city was founded by the Romans in the 1st century BC. Since the beginning of the 20th… Read More »

Attractions in Rostov-on-Don, Russia

On the main square of the city – Theater Square – there is a stele with the goddess of victory Nika, which was erected in honor of the liberation of Rostov-on-Don from the fascist invaders, the building of the Drama Theater and a whole ensemble of fountains, where local residents like to relax and stroll.… Read More »

Holidays in Netherlands

For some, holidays in the Netherlands are still associated with many hours of excursions under cloudy skies and trips to fish restaurants, but this is far from all that the country washed by the North Sea can offer. There are beaches, a rich cultural life, and the unique atmosphere of a truly European land. Pros… Read More »

Popular Destinations in Netherlands

Amsterdam Among all the Dutch destinations, tours to Amsterdam will always be the most popular, and the capital itself has been associated with everything European for many years, becoming the standard of style and quality entertainment. The city will offer both sightseeing tours and programs aimed at getting to know the cultural life of the… Read More »

Romania Attractions

Transylvania Transylvania (Siebenbürgen) has one of the most attractive landscapes in Romania with excellent hiking and winter sports opportunities. The Romanian spas have been known for their healing powers since Roman times. Spa towns include Baile Felix, Baile Herculane, Sovata and Covasna. Transylvania is also home to Count Dracula. Its perched Bran Castle consists of… Read More »

Latvia Mountains and Rivers

Removed a small strip of land near the Lithuanian border, where the basic soils consist of Mesozoic layers from the Jurassic and archaic soils of the Permic, the rest of Latvia, which forms a strip of the great Russian lowland, is formed by dolomites of the Middle and upper Devonico, which follow one another from… Read More »

France Morphology

France is a state of central-western Europe ; almost entirely embraces the French geographical region, between the Pyrenees to the S, the most rugged and elevated part of the Alpine chain to the SE, the Rhine valley to the NE and the sea on the other sides: the Atlantic Ocean to the West, the Canal of the Manche to the North and the Mediterranean… Read More »

France Mining Industry

In France, industry develops more and more, without, however, exercising such an important function there as in England and Germany; the percentage of its industrial and urban population rose from 25% in 1850, to 42% in 1911, to 46.4 in 1921. The French subsoil is not devoid of raw materials: coal is extracted in almost… Read More »

France Literature Part II

Fiction has continued this decade to take the lion’s share of literary production. Here the example of the greatest contemporaries, already consecrated by fame, is still active and vital, whoever pays attention to what the unimaginative wisdom of a Gide and the coherent and steadfast work of G. Duhamel, J. de Lacretelle, A. Malraux, R.… Read More »

France Literature Part I

Several of the most prominent personalities of writers in the interwar period or already at the beginning of the century have disappeared or remained inactive in the last decade. Those who disappeared include Gide (1951), Alain (1951), J. Baruzi (1953), H. Bernstein (1953), P. Éluard (1952), Ch. Maurras (1952), J. Benda (1956), Céline (1958), Br.… Read More »

The ‘French May’ and the after de Gaulle

In the presidential elections of December 1965 it was France Mitterrand who put forward his candidacy in opposition to de Gaulle within the left. At the head of the Fédération de la gauche démocratique et socialiste which he himself established (it was a formation closed in the center and supported by the Communists), Mitterrand forced… Read More »

Reform in France and the Wars of Religion

At first the new doctrines spread above all in the world of high culture. Before the echo of the words of Luther and Zwingli reached France, there had already been evangelism French: a movement which recognized Lefèbvre d’Étaples as its leader, and which, without taking a position in clear antithesis with that of Rome, already preached the… Read More »

French-speaking Literature

In Europe, French-language literature has had an important development in Belgium (➔ # 10132;) and Switzerland (➔ # 10132;). On the other hand, the Francophone production of Val d’Aosta is of a minor and somewhat conventional nature, expressed in the nineteenth century in a Lamartinian or Parnassian-style poem and in the Romans nationaux, of republican and anti-militarist inspiration;… Read More »

French Cinema

According to, contemporary French cinema is characterized by an eye to the past and another to the future, as on the one hand it has maintained an authorial identity, but on the other it has never lost its contact with the public. In a period in which cinema has experienced a crisis on an… Read More »

France Waterways

The rivers, although some of them have an irregular regime, represented until the century. XIX an important part in the transport of raw materials. From the time of Henry IV they began to be integrated with canals; and on the eve of the Revolution, France already possessed the Channel of the South, the Channel of… Read More »

France Trade with Abroad

The foreign trade of France so to 1 / 3 only over land borders, making use of roads, canals and railways, and 2 / 3 the way of the sea. Commercial movement. – After a magnificent boost in the middle of the last century, French foreign trade appeared to remain stagnant from 1872 to 1902, its progress being negligible compared to that of… Read More »

France Textile Industry

The textile industry is the oldest of the French industries, and still occupies the first place among them. In the past it had a family and rural character, being practiced in the regions where flax and hemp were grown and where sheep were raised; but soon a first concentration took place: the industry emigrated from… Read More »

France Territory

The new French constitution, drawn up by the second Constituent Assembly (elected on 2 June 1946) was made valid as a result of the popular referendum of 13 October 1946 and entered into force on 24 December 1946. Art. 60 of it determines the figure of a new international entity: the French Union, which includes… Read More »

France Sources of Energy

The French economic expansion of the last fifteen years has benefited from the diversification of energy sources, with a marked increase in imports of liquid and gaseous fuels. According to, the production of hard coal tends to decrease more and more (25.7 million t in 1973 but 55.3 million t in 1961) due to… Read More »

France Sculpture and Painting in the Middle Ages

The vast architectural movement also brought with it the other arts, and first sculpture. The decline of sculpture after the end of the Roman Empire is connected with the end of paganism and the penetration of oriental ideas. It survives only in the ivory and goldsmith works (Sens casket, consular diptychs, ivory chair in Ravenna,… Read More »

France Sculpture

As for painting, also for sculpture some of the artists who in the first twenty years of the century had contributed to the renewal of the plastic language, have continued in the last decade an activity perhaps less important than their previous one, but in any case often of high quality. In some cases it… Read More »

France Religion

By far the predominant religion in France is Catholic. At a great distance from it come the various confessions of Protestants, all of which reaches about 1,000,000, with the most important centers in Paris, the Cévennes, Montbéliard, etc., and especially in Alsace (about 250,000); then follow the Israelites, scattered a little everywhere, but particularly in… Read More »

France Relief and Coasts

Relief. – The general characteristics of the relief show a systematic distribution of the plains and mountains similar to that which governs the general course of the European relief. It has often been observed that a line, drawn in the direction SO.-NE. from the mouth of the Bidassoa (point where the Spanish border touches the… Read More »

France Rainfall, Winds and Atmospheric Pressure

Rainfall. – According to, the distribution of the rains is closely related to the relief, but their regime clearly marks the continental and maritime influences, and even more the particular characteristics of the Mediterranean climate. All depressions correspond to pluviometric minima, of which the most notable is in Colmar in Alsace and the largest… Read More »

France Railways

France has a network of railways 60,000 km long, of which 42,000 are roads of general interest and 18,000 are roads of local interest (often narrow-gauge), operated by various companies, subsidized by the departments. It took more than half a century to build this network. The first line, which came into operation at the end… Read More »

France Public Finance

As early as 1914, inadequate taxation, budget deficits and fluctuating debt worries would have required drastic measures, despite the country’s financial strength. The war came with its many economic needs, which the normal budget revenues (significantly reduced following the invasion and the diminished revenue of the land tax, which was one of the main sources of income… Read More »

France Prehistory

During the Clactonian period (see Mousteriana, civilization, XXIII, p. 989) the proximity of the springs is already very important for the establishment of settlements: the Clactonian stations located in the estuary of the Seine, at the Bec-de-Caux and on the beaches dei Régates, in Le Havre, Saint-Adresse, are spread over five kilometers near water sources.… Read More »

France Music From 15th to 17th Century

The song and the air. – The musical hegemony passes to Flanders, where the Flemish composers, who are influenced, among others, by the influence of the Chapel of the King of France and that of Burgundy, compose almost all their profane songs on French words. The French Antoine de Févin of Orléans, Carpentras, Gascogne, Moulu… Read More »

France Music During The Middle Ages

Secular music. – According to, the liveliest splendor of French music occurred in the Middle Ages together with the flourishing of sculpture and architecture in the century. XII and in the XIII. Already in the century. X music was in great honor in monasteries and churches: main centers, S. Martial of Limoges, Rouen, Saint-Denis,… Read More »

France Music – From Lulli to Berlioz – Rameau and Gluck

Rameau and Gluck. – Much less sensitive than Couperin, J. Ph. Rameau, admirable technician, skilfully blends the French and Italian manner in works built with great confidence and vigor of accent, using the lively rhythms and pungent harmonies of a D Scarlatti. According to, Rameau had in the musical world of the century. XVIII… Read More »

France Music – Berlioz and the Modern School

From Berlioz, as from Wagner in Germany, the whole modern French musical movement derives. This great artist, still not sufficiently appreciated, broke the conventions of classicism by opening all the ways in which his successors set out. In 1829, with the Symphonie fantastique, he inaugurates new processes of development (especially the system of the conductor motif),… Read More »

France Music

According to, the teaching of O. Messiaen at the Paris Conservatory (harmony, since 1942; musical analysis, aesthetics and rhythm, since 1947) is of the highest importance for the development of French music in the second half of the century. Spiritual successor of R. Leibowitz – the first to introduce Webern’s dodecaphony in France -,… Read More »

Greece Early History

Early period (until around 800 BC): The scene of Greek history in the broader sense is the entire area of ​​the Mediterranean world settled by the Greeks, in the narrower sense the peninsula called “Hellas” by the Greeks, “Graecia” by the Romans, the associated Greek-populated islands and the islands of the Aegean Sea. Here migrated… Read More »

Tour de France History

The Tour de France is the world’s most famous multi-stage race for professional cyclists, which is held annually in France in July. But what is the “Grand Boucle”, as the Tour de France is affectionately known by the French, so special? And how can it be explained that thousands and thousands of fans stand on… Read More »

Hydra and Monemvasia, Greece

Hydra An island with style The small Greek island is located in the Aegean Sea and is off the Peloponnese peninsula. She belongs to the group of sarons. Like many of its neighboring islands, Hydra is particularly popular with day tourists. Daily ferry connections exist for example from Piraeus or Ermioni. Journeys to Hydra can… Read More »

Valley of the Rocks

Dramatic idyll: The Valley of the Rocks For some hikers, the Valley of the Rocks in Exmoor National Park has almost dramatic features. Others are so fascinated by the idyllic landscape in the “Valley of the Rocks” that it takes their breath away. Most outdoor freaks among holidaymakers choose the twin cities of Lynmouth and… Read More »