The harsh nature of Western Sahara is reflected both in
terms of population and nutrition. Western Sahara has an
extremely dry climate, and the area is characterized by sand
dunes with only a few oases. Agriculture only occurs
sparingly. Previously, the economy was dominated by nomadic
livestock management (camels, sheep and goats), but nomadic
annual migrations have been hampered after the construction
of the "shelter" in the northeast.
Potash and iron ore deposits have been made, among
others. at Agracha. Western Sahara's most important asset is
the large deposits of phosphate at Bu Craa southeast of
El-Aaiún. Some dried fish is exported to the Canary Islands.
Western Sahara has navigable routes but no real roads.