Samoa's economy is relatively poorly developed. According
to countryaah, the
economy has largely been based on agriculture for
self-sufficiency. Agriculture's share of GDP and export
value are declining. There is some small-scale industry, and
tourism is progressing. Over 1/3 of
the state's income consists of foreign aid. In the period
1994–2003, GDP showed an average annual growth of 4.2%. In
2003, the service industries accounted for 56.6% of GDP. The
public sector employed 20% of the workforce.
In recent years, agricultural production has been hit
more frequently by very powerful hurricanes. production of
coconut oil was down for several years due to. of natural
damage after Hurricane Val.
The fall in prices of copra and other coconut products
has also brought this traditional industry into crisis.
Commercial fishing has shown strong growth since the late
1990s; fish amounted to 2,003 over 1/3
of our exports. The most important agricultural products are
taro, cocoa, coconuts, papaya, pineapple and bananas.
Otherwise, bread fruit, yams, corn, passion fruit and mango
are grown. The livestock team includes cattle, goats, pigs
and chickens. Samoa is far from self-sufficient in food,
although to a large extent it was in the past. Today, around
1/3 of the food needs covered by
The industrial sector is small and centered around the
capital Apia. It is manufactured, inter alia, different
products from the coconut palm, beer, cigarettes,
confectionery, as well as some light industry and wood
processing plus different products from the coconut palm.
The industry grew sharply after 1992, when several foreign
companies established themselves, among other things.
Japanese companies with the production of cables and car
parts and an American company with the clothing industry. In
2003, clothing and textiles accounted for almost 30% of
goods exports. The Japanese Yazaki factory, which exports
car parts, is Samoa's largest private employer.
In recent years, coconut oil production has gained
momentum due to new production methods and demand for
The authorities were long awaiting tourism, fearing a
negative influence on the traditional culture and way of
life of Samoans. However, since the mid-1990s, tourism has
been growing rapidly; 2005 visited approx. 102,000 tourists
islands, hence close to 1/3 from
American Samoa. The country's largest tourist complex, a
four-star hotel with 400 rooms is located just off Apia.
Main export products are clothing and textiles, fish, car
parts, cocoa, taro, coconut products and bananas. Imports
consist mainly of food, petroleum and industrial finished
goods. The trade balance is very negative, with a large
import surplus. The deficit is partly covered by tourism
revenues, partly by financial assistance from New Zealand,
Australia and Japan, but also by remittances from Samoans
abroad. The latter corresponded to 20% of GDP in 2001, and
it was more than three times greater than commodity exports.
Australia is by far Samoa's most important trading
partner, and since the turn of the millennium has been the
buyer of approx. 3/4 of the exports.
From New Zealand comes 1/5 of
During the 1990s, Samoa provided tax and customs relief
to export companies. The tax laws drew foreign capital to
the country, but Samoan banks were accused of so-called
money laundering. In 2000, after international pressure,
restrictions were introduced in the financial sector to stop
Transport and Communications
The number of motor vehicles increased by 7% annually in
the period 1994–2004. The country has 790 km of main roads,
of which 330 km are paved. The road network has been
substantially expanded since the turn of the millennium. The
main roads run along the coast; The best developed is the
road network on the main island of Upolu. Due to large
imports of used cars built for left-hand traffic, you will
now (August 2009) switch to driving on the left side of the
road. Samoa has a fixed ship connection with a number of
countries. From Faleolo Airport (APW) at Upolu, 35 km from
Apia, Air New Zealand, Pacific Blue (which took over
state-owned Polynesian Airlines in 2008) and Fijis Air