The fact that Kyrgyzstan suffers from a lack of natural
resources and a limited industry has made the Republic one
of the poorest members of the CIS. Business is highly
differentiated on the basis of ethnic boundaries. About 75
percent of farmers are Kyrgyz, while other ethnic groups
make up the majority of industrial workers and other
non-agricultural occupational groups. The traditional
business catch in Kyrgyzstan has been livestock management,
and it still forms an important part of the country's
economy. In line with the political release, Kyrgyzstan has
launched a program for the privatization of the state
sector, and a greater scope for free markets is foreseen.
countryaah, the country was hit hard by the Russian financial crisis
in 1998, but recovered somewhat during the early 2000s when
new gold deposits were put into operation. However, the
recovery turned out to be temporary, and the country ended
up in financial problems again in the late 00s.
Agriculture is the main industry in Kyrgyzstan. Livestock
control dominates, and cattle, sheep and goats are kept in
large numbers (the production of wool is considerable).
There is also breeding of riding horses and camels. About 7
percent of the acreage is cultivated, and about 45 percent
is pasture. Half of the cultivated area lies in the river
valleys, where irrigation is possible. The most important
cereals are wheat and maize, but vegetables, tobacco and
cotton are also grown. A land reform to lead to the
privatization of cooperative agricultural land was initiated
in the 1990s. However, the work has encountered widespread
problems regarding the traditional ownership of grazing
Minerals and energy
The availability of fragile raw materials is limited.
However, Kyrgyzstan is a significant producer of gold,
antimony and mercury. Of these, gold production is of
central importance to the country's economy. Since 1997,
when the first gold mine was opened, gold has dominated the
country's exports and has also been the driving force in the
country's industrial development. Coal, oil and natural gas
are extracted to some extent. Water energy covers half of
Kyrgyzstan's electricity needs; There is also some export of
After World War II, industries for processing raw
materials, e.g. coal, textile, clothing and food industries,
increased in importance. However, the country's engineering
industry is of limited size and usually quite outdated. The
exception to this is the gold industry, including the
Canadian-owned Kumor mine, which accounts for about 10
percent of the country's total GDP. The industry is mainly
concentrated in the cities of Bishkek and Osh.
Tourism and gastronomy
Tourism in Kyrgyzstan was very limited during the Soviet
era. The country's spectacular natural conditions with high
mountains and deep valleys have attracted more and more
tourists during the 2000s. The political turmoil in the
country in 2010 slowed the influx of tourists, but they have
subsequently returned and in 2015 the country was visited by
3 million tourists. Mainly attracts hiking trails in Tien
Sha and the tourist facilities at Lake Issyk-Kull. The
majority of visitors come from neighboring countries. A
major obstacle to the further development of the tourism
industry is the country's neglected infrastructure.
The kitchen is based on meat as well as vegetables,
cereals, milk and cheese products, honey and fruit. The
meat, mainly horse meat but also lamb and sheep meat, is
usually served cooked and together with a dough product, for
example in the national dish besjmarak, pieces of
lamb meat cooked and served in sauce with square pasta
pieces (lapsja) or with kefir (ajran).
Sausages of horse meat (twenty-thick) are common.
Vegetables and fruits are included in many dishes. An
example is pumpkin, which can be filling in the popular
stuffed pancakes (lepjesjki). Cheese production is
an important industry, among other things, made carrot,
a sour, stored cheese that is crumbled into various dishes.
Apart from the flour dishes, apart from pancakes and thin
bread, oladji, pieces of dough are fried in oil.
Tea is often served with bread, honey, butter and dried