School and education in Jamaica, 98% of children attend
the 6-year elementary school. 62% of these schools (all-age
schools) offer 9-year schooling. The secondary school
is 3 years old, the secondary school 2 years old. Higher
education is offered in a number of different types of
countryaah, the difference between the Creole spoken language and the
official English language has been a barrier in the
educational context. In order to improve the teaching, great
emphasis has been placed on the content of the teaching
being adapted to local conditions.
About. 14% of the youth go on to higher education at two
universities and a number of colleges. The University of the
West Indies, Mona has a department in Kingston with five
faculties in addition to a campus in Montego Bay. The
university was founded in 1948 and gained the status of a
full-fledged university in 1962. Approx. 13% of the adult
population is considered illiterate (2000).
Kingston Town in Jamaica
Kingston, Jamaica's capital; 937,700 residents (2011). The city is located on
the south coast of the island protected by the island of Palisadoes with
airport. Much was devastated by an earthquake in 1907, and the rebuilt city
stands as a fairly modern trading, industrial and port city with exports of
bauxite and alumina, bananas, coffee and sugar. The IBA (International Bauxite
Association) is headquartered in Kingston, which also houses the country's 1962
university, the University of the West Indies.
Kingston was founded in 1692, and with its large natural harbor, it quickly
became the island's most commercially and economically important city. It thus
surpassed the then capital of the colony, Spanish Town, but it was not until
1872 that Kingston became the administrative center of the island.
A large part of the city's population lives in the slum, which covers more
than 1/3 of the urban area and extending from landfills
at port to all available areas. They are the result of many years of great
migrations from country to city, not least of young people. Unemployment is high
and large parts of the city are characterized by poverty, violence and crime.
In the face of a worsening situation for the city's many poor people,
Kingston has been affected by clashes between protesters and law enforcement
since the late 1990's.