Although almost 40% of the land is suitable for
agriculture, only 6% of the land is cultivated land.
Nevertheless, agriculture employs approx. 30% of the
employed and contributed 15% of GDP. According to
countryaah, agriculture represents
close to 90% of export earnings. Most important agricultural
products are citrus fruits, sugar and bananas. Sugarcane is
grown on plantations around Corozal in the far north of the
country. Citrus fruits, mostly grapefruit, are grown around
Stann Creek. Cocoa, coconuts, peanuts and mangoes are also
grown for export. For local consumption, corn, rice, beans,
sweet potatoes, yams and vegetables are grown. Some
livestock, especially cattle.
Almost 1/3 of the land is covered
by forest and timber (mahogany, pine) is an important
export. Most of the timber comes from the northern and
western parts of the country and floats on the rivers down
to the sawmills on the coast.
Fishing is carried out by lobster, shrimp and turtles.
Exports of lobster and shrimp have slowed due to overfishing.
The industry is relatively modest and is mainly based on
the processing of agricultural products and clothing. The
industry employed 17% of the working population in 2000 and
contributed 24% of the gross domestic product.
Tourism is the country's second largest industry, and it
is part of ecotourism. The country's distinctive nature,
beautiful beaches, good diving opportunities and Mayan ruins
are important tourist attractions.
An important source of income is financial contributions
sent by emigrated family members, especially in the United
Transport and Communications
Communications in the interior of the country are poorly
developed. Some of the roads are only navigable during the
dry season (Feb-May). River transport is of great
importance. The main port city is Belize City, which can
take seagoing ships. Belize City International Airport.
There are close to 40 airstrips for local traffic. No
The trade balance with abroad is negative. The main
export goods are sugar, citrus fruits, orange concentrate,
bananas, textiles and confectionery. In particular, various
industrial products, machinery, petroleum and foodstuffs are
introduced. The United States, the United Kingdom and Mexico
are the most important trading partners.